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Eighteen wether lambs, surgically equipped with abomasal and ileal cannulae, were used in two metabolism trials. Two levels of dietary Mg (.1 and .2%) and three levels of K (.6, 2.4 and 4.8%, dry basis) were fed with a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement. Each trial consisted of a 10-d preliminary period, a 7-d collection of feed, feces and urine for determining(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate intestinal nutrient transporter and enzyme mRNA in broilers selected on corn- and soybean-based (line A) or wheat-based (line B) diets. We investigated the peptide transporter PepT1, 10 amino acid transporters (rBAT, b(o,+)AT, ATB(o,+), CAT1, CAT2, LAT1, y(+)LAT1, y(+)LAT2, B(o)AT, and EAAT3), 4 sugar(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary protein quality on intestinal peptide transporter (PepT1), amino acid transporter [Na+-independent cationic and zwitterionic amino acid transporter (b(o,+)AT), excitatory amino acid transporter 3 (EAAT3), Na+-independent cationic and Na+-dependent neutral amino acid transporter (y+ LAT2), and(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary protein intake and stage of development on chicken intestinal peptide transporter (cPepT1) mRNA abundance. Chicks were sampled at embryonic d 16 (e 16) until the day of hatch (d 0). After hatch, mixed sex Cobb chicks were randomly assigned to diets containing 12, 18, or 24% crude protein(More)
Over the last 50 yr, the study of intestinal peptide transport has rapidly evolved into a field with exciting nutritional and biomedical applications. In this review, we describe from a historical and current perspective intestinal peptide transport, the importance of peptides to whole-body nutrition, and the cloning and characterization of the intestinal(More)
Many experimental techniques have allowed researchers to probe the fate of hydrolysis products from proteins in the small intestine. An overview of amino acid and peptide absorption from the small intestine is presented with attention given to historical perspectives that have led to current concepts. Speculation about nutritional significance of these(More)
To study peptide absorption in chickens, an intestinal peptide transporter cDNA (cPepT1) was isolated from a chicken duodenal cDNA library. The cDNA was 2914 bp long and encoded a protein of 714 amino acid residues with an estimated molecular size of 79.3 kDa and an isoelectric point of 7.48. cPepT1 protein is similar60% identical to PepT1 from rabbits,(More)
A 446-bp cDNA fragment encoding a peptide transport protein was cloned from sheep omasum and used as a probe to study the distribution of the peptide transport protein mRNA in various tissues of sheep, dairy cows, pigs, and chickens. Because the predicted amino acid sequence of this fragment was 85.8, 90.5, and 90.5% identical to rabbit, human, and rat(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of addition of spray-dried plasma protein (SDPP) and Cu to nonmedicated diets on growth performance and intestinal morphology in weaned pigs reared in sanitary or nonsanitary environments. Weanling pigs (n = 192, 18 +/- 2 d of age, 6.0 +/- 0.2 kg of BW) were assigned to 8 treatments arranged(More)
A cDNA encoding a turkey intestinal peptide transporter, tPepT1, was isolated from a turkey small intestinal cDNA library. The tPepT1 cDNA encodes a 714-amino acid protein with 12 predicted transmembrane domains. The amino acid sequence of tPepT1 is 94.3% identical to chicken PepT1 and approximately 60% identical to PepT1 from rat, sheep, rabbit, and human.(More)