Kenneth Webb

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To study peptide absorption in chickens, an intestinal peptide transporter cDNA (cPepT1) was isolated from a chicken duodenal cDNA library. The cDNA was 2914 bp long and encoded a protein of 714 amino acid residues with an estimated molecular size of 79.3 kDa and an isoelectric point of 7.48. cPepT1 protein is similar60% identical to PepT1 from rabbits,(More)
Over the last 50 yr, the study of intestinal peptide transport has rapidly evolved into a field with exciting nutritional and biomedical applications. In this review, we describe from a historical and current perspective intestinal peptide transport, the importance of peptides to whole-body nutrition, and the cloning and characterization of the intestinal(More)
A 446-bp cDNA fragment encoding a peptide transport protein was cloned from sheep omasum and used as a probe to study the distribution of the peptide transport protein mRNA in various tissues of sheep, dairy cows, pigs, and chickens. Because the predicted amino acid sequence of this fragment was 85.8, 90.5, and 90.5% identical to rabbit, human, and rat(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate intestinal nutrient transporter and enzyme mRNA in broilers selected on corn- and soybean-based (line A) or wheat-based (line B) diets. We investigated the peptide transporter PepT1, 10 amino acid transporters (rBAT, b(o,+)AT, ATB(o,+), CAT1, CAT2, LAT1, y(+)LAT1, y(+)LAT2, B(o)AT, and EAAT3), 4 sugar(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary protein quality on intestinal peptide transporter (PepT1), amino acid transporter [Na+-independent cationic and zwitterionic amino acid transporter (b(o,+)AT), excitatory amino acid transporter 3 (EAAT3), Na+-independent cationic and Na+-dependent neutral amino acid transporter (y+ LAT2), and(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary protein intake and stage of development on chicken intestinal peptide transporter (cPepT1) mRNA abundance. Chicks were sampled at embryonic d 16 (e 16) until the day of hatch (d 0). After hatch, mixed sex Cobb chicks were randomly assigned to diets containing 12, 18, or 24% crude protein(More)
We determined the primary structure, tissue distribution and in vitro functional characterization of a peptide transporter, oPepT1, from ovine intestine. Ovine PepT1 (oPepT1) cDNA was 2829-bp long, encoding a protein of 707 amino acid residues with an estimated molecular size of 78 kDa and an isoelectric point (pI) of 6.57. Transport function of oPepT1 was(More)
Nutrient transporters in the small intestine are responsible for dietary nutrient assimilation; therefore, the expression of these transporters can influence overall nutrient status as well as the growth and development of the animal. This study examined correlated responses to selection in the developmental gene expression of PepT1, EAAT3, SGLT1, and GLUT5(More)
Three trials, utilizing a total of 240 crossbred gilts, were conducted to study the influence of 0 (NB) or 220 (SB) microgram supplemental biotin/kg of diet on feedlot performance, plasma biotin and development of toe lesions in developing gilts. Corn-soybean meal diets were fed from weaning to 92 kg body weight. Gilts were housed on expanded-metal floors(More)
Eighteen wether lambs, surgically equipped with abomasal and ileal cannulae, were used in two metabolism trials. Two levels of dietary Mg (.1 and .2%) and three levels of K (.6, 2.4 and 4.8%, dry basis) were fed with a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement. Each trial consisted of a 10-d preliminary period, a 7-d collection of feed, feces and urine for determining(More)