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Advisory Board The ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report Series is sponsored by the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), which provides an editorial advisory board of ASHE members. Executive Summary v Retaining Minority Students in Higher Education Today about half of students with dreams and aspirations based on their future receipt of an(More)
Nutritional rickets was diagnosed in 18 infants aged eight to 24 months. Clinical features included progressive leg bowing, poor linear growth, a diet deficient in vitamin D, seizures, and abnormal serum calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase levels. Wrist radiographs and serum alkaline phosphatase levels were the most useful confirmatory tests. Breast(More)
INTRODUCTION Experience with several, previously unreported, intentional face-first immersion burns led us to evaluate the distribution of inflicted and unintentional immersion scald burns in a hospital series. SETTING (1) Authors' clinical and legal practices; (2) Burn center at regional Level 1 trauma hospital. SUBJECTS : (1) Case series of(More)
BACKGROUND Rickets affects young infants and toddlers. However, there is a paucity of literature regarding the types of fractures that occur in rachitic patients. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the age of patients at which radiographically evident rickets occurs, and to characterize the age incidence and fractures that are observed in infants and toddlers with(More)
OBJECTIVES Skull fractures can be difficult to recognize on radiographs and axial computed tomography (CT) bone windows. Missed findings may delay abuse diagnosis. The role of three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructions in child abuse evaluations was retrospectively evaluated. METHODS Twelve exemplary cases between August 2006 and July 2009 are described.(More)
OBJECT At presentation, children who have experienced abusive head trauma (AHT) often have subdural hemorrhage (SDH) that is acute, chronic, or both. Controversy exists whether the acute SDH associated with chronic SDH results from trauma or from spontaneous rebleeding. The authors compared the clinical presentations of children with AHT and acute SDH with(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency and location of bruises in normal infants and toddlers, and to determine the relationship of age and developmental stage to bruising. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING Community primary care pediatric offices. SUBJECTS Children younger than 36 months attending well-child care visits. METHODS Prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the rate of abusive head trauma (AHT) in 3 regions of the United States before and during an economic recession and assess whether there is a relationship between the rate of AHT and county-level unemployment rates. METHODS Clinical data were collected for AHT cases diagnosed in children younger than 5 years from January 1, 2004(More)
Five years after a 1983 Washington State law required new water heaters to be preset at 49 degrees C (120 degrees F), 77% of homes (84% of homes with postlaw and 70% of homes with prelaw water heaters) had tap water temperatures of less than 54 degrees C. In 1977, 80% of homes had tap water temperatures greater than 54 degrees C. Mean temperature in 1988(More)
No appreciable difference in size of the fetal clitoris versus the fetal penis was noted until 14 weeks' gestation, which is after the period of masculine differentiation of the external genitals. However, significant differences in the rate of penile and clitoral growth were evident in second trimester fetuses. The majority of the prenatal growth of the(More)