Kenneth Wallston

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The development of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales is described. Scales have been developed to tap beliefs that the source of reinforcements for health-related behaviors is primarily internal, a matter of chance, or under the control of powerful others. These scales are based on earlier work with a general Health Locus of Control Scale,(More)
Patient satisfaction in performing activities of daily living (ADL) was assessed by using a self-administered questionnaire modified from the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). The HAQ includes questions to determine a patient's degree of difficulty and need for help and assistive devices in ADL. A modification of the HAQ (MHAQ) was developed(More)
Form C of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scales is an 18 item, general purpose, condition-specific locus of control scale that could easily be adapted for use with any medical or health-related condition. Data from 588 patients with one of four conditions--rheumatoid arthritis, chronic pain, diabetes, or cancer--were utilized to(More)
The present study examined catastrophizing in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Subjects were 223 RA patients who were participants in a longitudinal study. Each patient completed the Catastrophizing scale of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) on 2 occasions separated by 6 months (time 1, time 2). The Catastrophizing scale is designed to measure(More)
This introductory article addresses the question,'Are the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scales valid?' The initial evidence for the validity of the family of MHLC scales is reviewed, followed by a discussion of the empirical evidence for the hypothesis linking MHLC scale scores to measures of health behavior. There is ample evidence in the(More)
One hundred twenty applicants to a weight management specialist training program were studied over a 33-month period. Following a nine-month training period, Specialists (N = 29; those leading at least one posttraining weight management group) were compared to Contact Controls (N = 31; persons participating in the weight management program, but not in the(More)
This paper shows how the author's original modification of Rotter's social learning theory (SLT) highlighting the construct of health locus of control beliefs is no longer adequate. It develops a new modification of SLT where the internal health locus of control beliefs moderate but do not mediate health-promoting behavior. It discusses the development and(More)
A sense of competence or self-efficacy is associated with many positive outcomes, particularly in the area of health behavior. A measure of a sense of competence in the domain of health behavior has not been developed. Most measures are either general measures of a general sense of self-efficacy or are very specific to a particular health behavior. The(More)
We describe the development of the Arthritis Helplessness Index (AHI), a self-report instrument designed to measure patients' perceptions of loss of control with arthritis. The participants in this research were 219 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who completed a quantity of mailed materials, including the AHI, functional measures and other(More)