Kenneth W. Gasser

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Zymogen granule membranes contain Cl- conductance and Cl/anion exchange activities that become important for primary fluid production after fusion with the apical plasma membrane of the acinar cell. We have used steady-state fluorescence anisotropy of diphenylhexatriene derivatives and measurements of Cl- transport in isolated secretory granules to(More)
The Cl- transport pathways in secretory granules isolated from the parotid glands of rats were characterized by the technique of ionophore-induced lysis in defined salt solutions. The granules were shown to possess a Cl- conductance that exhibited a distinct anion selectivity with a sequence I- greater than Br- greater than Cl- greater than F- greater than(More)
The regulation of Cl- conductance by cytoplasmic nucleotides was investigated in pancreatic and parotid zymogen granules. Cl- conductance was assayed by measuring the rate of cation-ionophore-induced osmotic lysis of granules suspended in iso-osmotic salt solutions. Both inhibition and stimulation were observed, depending on the type and concentration of(More)
The membrane permeability of pancreatic zymogen granules was evaluated in vitro with granules isolated from rats in different secretory states: 1) untreated, 2) pretreated with a muscarinic antagonist, 3) pretreated with a muscarinic and an adrenergic antagonist, 4) pretreated as in 3 and then stimulated with the secretagogue cholecystokinin 4 min before(More)
Zymogen granules that were stable at physiological conditions of pH, ionic strength, and temperature were isolated from the rat pancreas and parotid. The cation permeability of these granules was evaluated to characterize the mechanism of secretagogue-stimulated fluid secretion by acinar cells. Granule swelling and lysis provide a measure of the rate of(More)
A primary mechanism of amino acid inhibition of intestinal alkaline phosphatase is postulated to be the formation of a dissociable enzyme-amino acid complex at an allosteric zinc site. The degree of inhibition was highly correlated with the Zn2+ stability constant of each amino acid and the inhibition was reversible by the addition of exogenous Zn2+ or by(More)
Electrolyte transport pathways in the pancreatic secretory granules may contribute to acini fluid production after fusion with the apical membrane. A component of this granule transport is a K(+)-selective pathway that has been measured indirectly by ionophore-induced lysis of the isolated secretory granules when suspended in a KCl solution. This granule(More)
The relationship between alkaline phosphatase and environmental salinity was examined in the rainbow trout and the migratory rainbow (steelhead),Salmo gairdneri. The enzyme activity in tissues involved in osmoregulation was strongly correlated with the adaptation salinity and thus to the degree of salt and fluid transport in those tissues. After transfer(More)
The buoyant density of intracellular organelles is dependent in part on the nature of the buffer composition of the density gradient and the permeability characteristics of the organelle membrane to the constituents of this buffer. Therefore, knowledge of the transport properties of different organelles allows the design of density gradients useful for(More)