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Brooding rumination is associated with depressed mood, increased negative affect, prolonged anger and inhibited cardiovascular (CV) recovery. Distraction from rumination on a stressful interpersonal encounter is associated with faster CV recovery and decreased negative affect. Studies have suggested that a concurrent visuospatial (VS) task inhibits the(More)
The aim of this study was to validate the empathy scale (Hogan, 1969) for use in the context of medical education in Australia. Empathy Scale scores of students in their first clinical year at Monash University were correlated with patient ratings, self ratings, and peer ratings of empathy. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability were assessed. Correlations(More)
Fresh urinary isolates were examined by immunofluorescence with polyclonal rabbit antibodies against type 1 and P fimbriae. This procedure showed P-fimbriate Escherichia coli in 22 of 24 samples from patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria, 24 of 26 samples from patients with cystitis, and 6 of 6 samples from patients with pyelonephritis. Type 1 fimbriae(More)
Forty first year medical students, previously screened for the presence or absence of the Type A behavior pattern, collected saliva samples for four days leading up to the first major examination of their medical school course. It was observed that the day of the examination produced substantially different patterns of salivary cortisol concentrations for(More)
Winning and losing were predicted to be more significant in determining cardiovascular responses for Type A's than for Type B's. Twenty-four healthy, preclinical medical students (12 Type A and 12 Type B) were randomly assigned to be winners or losers at a competitive reaction-time task. Type A winners were different from all other subjects in maintaining(More)
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