Kenneth V. I. Rolston

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This document updates and expands the initial Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) Fever and Neutropenia Guideline that was published in 1997 and first updated in 2002. It is intended as a guide for the use of antimicrobial agents in managing patients with cancer who experience chemotherapy-induced fever and neutropenia. Recent advances in(More)
PURPOSE Febrile neutropenia remains a potentially life-threatening complication of anticancer chemotherapy, but some patients are at low risk for serious medical complications. The purpose of this study was to develop an internationally validated scoring system to identify these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Febrile neutropenic cancer patients were(More)
Walter T. Hughes, Donald Armstrong, Gerald P. Bodey, Eric J. Bow, Arthur E. Brown, Thierry Calandra, Ronald Feld, Philip A. Pizzo, Kenneth V. I. Rolston, Jerry L. Shenep, and Lowell S. Young St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York; University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center,(More)
This is the first in a series of practice guidelines commissioned by the Infectious Diseases Society of America through its Practice Guidelines Committee. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide assistance to clinicians when making decisions on treating the conditions specified in each guideline. The targeted providers are internists, pediatricians,(More)
Management of febrile neutropenia: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines J. de Naurois, I. Novitzky-Basso, M. J. Gill, F. Marti Marti, M. H. Cullen & F. Roila On behalf of the ESMO Guidelines Working Group* Department of Medical Oncology; Department of Haematology; Department of Clinical Microbiology, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust,(More)
The prognostic significance of major organ and tissue infection was examined in 909 episodes of bacteremia that were selected from 10 consecutive, randomized clinical trials of antibiotic therapy for infection in patients with cancer and neutropenia. Extensive tissue infection significantly compromised response to initial therapy (38% vs. 74%; P < .0001),(More)
BACKGROUND Achromobacter and Alcaligenes are emerging infectious gram-negative bacterial species that can affect immunosuppressed patients. The authors sought to determine the incidence and characteristics of bloodstream infections caused by these organisms in patients with underlying malignancies. METHODS All consecutive episodes of hematogenous(More)
BACKGROUND Hospitalization and intravenous (IV) broad-spectrum antibiotics are the standard of care for all febrile neutropenic patients with cancer. Recent work suggests that a low-risk population exists who might benefit from an alternate approach. METHODS A prospective randomized clinical trial was performed comparing oral ciprofloxacin 750 mg plus(More)
Adenoviruses are increasingly recognized pathogens that affect blood and marrow transplant (BMT) recipients. Experiences with 2889 adult BMT recipients were reviewed to study the incidence, clinical spectrum, risk factors for dissemination, response to therapy, and outcome of adenovirus infections. Eight-five patients (3%) were diagnosed by means of culture(More)
A total of 2142 patients with febrile neutropenia resulting from cancer chemotherapy were registered in two observational studies and followed prospectively in different institutions. There were 499 (23%) patients with bacteraemia who are reviewed here. The relative frequencies of Gram-positive, Gram-negative and polymicrobial bacteraemias were 57%, 34% and(More)