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Quaternization of the nitrogen atom of 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfide analogues of chlorpromazine improved inhibition approximately 40-fold (3',4'-dichlorobenzyl-[5-chloro-2-phenylsulfanyl-phenylamino)-propyl]-dimethylammonium chloride inhibited trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi with a linear competitive Ki value of 1.7 +/- 0.2 microM).(More)
Pyrimethamine acts by selectively inhibiting malarial dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS). Resistance in the most important human parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, initially results from an S108N mutation in the DHFR domain, with additional mutation (most commonly C59R or N51I or both) imparting much greater resistance. From a homology(More)
Improved rationally designed lead drug structures against African trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis were obtained against trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi. Substituted-benzyl [3-(2-chloro-4a, 10a-dihydrophenothiazin-10-yl)propyl]dimethylammonium salts, synthesized by Menschutkin quaternization of the tertiary alkylamine(More)
Trypanothione reductase, an essential component of the anti-oxidant defences of parasitic trypanosomes and Leishmania, differs markedly from the equivalent host enzyme, glutathione reductase, in the binding site for the disulphide substrate. Molecular modelling of this region suggested that certain tricyclic compounds might bind selectively to trypanothione(More)
Chromosomal instability can result from defective control of checkpoints and is associated with malignant cell growth. Monopolar spindle 1 (Mps1) is a dual-specificity protein kinase that has important roles in the prevention of aneuploidy during the cell cycle and might therefore be a potential target for new therapeutic agents in the treatment of cancer.(More)
7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is one of the major DNA lesions formed by reactive oxygen species that can result in transversion mutations following replication if left unrepaired. In human cells, the effects of 8-oxoG are counteracted by OGG1, a DNA glycosylase that catalyzes excision of 8-oxoguanine base followed by a much slower beta-elimination(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to examine the structural determinants of oral bioavailability in the rat of a set of oligopeptides comprising D-amino acids, which were taken to be absorbed paracellularly based on a pronounced sensitivity of permeability to electrical resistance in Caco-2 cell monolayers. METHODS The study series comprised eleven(More)
In the presence of Cu(II) ions, supercoiled DNA is cleaved in neutral solution by low concentrations of thiols. Supercoiled plasmid DNA is cleaved first to open circular DNA, which in turn produces linear DNA and eventually fragments. Cleavage is strongly temperature-dependent and is maximal at 0.10-0.25 M-NaCl concentration. In the presence of excess of(More)
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is an important target enzyme for cancer chemotherapy because it is expressed at high levels in the hypoxic regions of many tumors and inhibitors of TP have been shown in animal model studies to inhibit angiogenesis and metastasis, and to promote tumor cell apoptosis. The 5-halo-6-[(2'-aminoimidazol-1'-yl)methyl]uracils (3, X =(More)