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X-ray analysis does not provide quantitative estimates of the relative importance of the molecular contacts it reveals or of the relative contributions of specific and nonspecific interactions to the total affinity of specific DNA to enzymes. Stepwise increase of DNA ligand complexity has been used to estimate the relative contributions of virtually every(More)
Formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase (Fpg) excises oxidized purines from damaged DNA. The recent determination of the three-dimensional structure of the covalent complex of DNA with Escherichia coli Fpg, obtained by reducing the Schiff base intermediate formed during the reaction [Gilboa et al., J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 19811] has revealed a number of(More)
  • Yan-Ling He, Susan Murby, +5 authors John Ayrton
  • 1996
Purpose. This study was undertaken to examine the structural determinants of oral bioavailability in the rat of a set of oligopeptides comprising D-amino acids, which were taken to be absorbed paracellularly based on a pronounced sensitivity of permeability to electrical resistance in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Methods. The study series comprised eleven(More)
Formamidopyrimidine-DNA-glycosylase of Escherichia coli (Fpg protein) repairs oxidative DNA damage by removing formamidopyrimidine lesions and 8-oxoguanine residues from DNA. This enzyme possesses three types of activities resulting in the excision of oxidized residue from DNA: hydrolysis of the N-glycosidic bond (DNA glycosylase), beta-elimination(More)
X-ray analysis of enzyme-DNA interactions is very informative in revealing molecular contacts, but provides neither quantitative estimates of the relative importance of these contacts nor information on the relative contributions of specific and nonspecific interactions to the total affinity of enzymes for specific DNA. A stepwise increase in the ligand(More)
Fpg protein (formamidopyrimidine or 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase) from E. coli catalyzes excision of several damaged purine bases, including 8-oxoguanine and 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-N-methylformamidopyrimidine from DNA. In this study the interaction of E. coli Fpg with various specific and nonspecific oligodeoxynucleotides was analyzed. Fpg was shown to(More)
Trypanothione reductase, an essential component of the anti-oxidant defences of parasitic trypanosomes and Leishmania, differs markedly from the equivalent host enzyme, glutathione reductase, in the binding site for the disulphide substrate. Molecular modelling of this region suggested that certain tricyclic compounds might bind selectively to trypanothione(More)
Given the role of trypanothione in the redox defenses of pathogenic trypanosomal and leishmanial parasites, in contrast to glutathione for their mammalian hosts, selective inhibitors of trypanothione reductase are potential drug leads against trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis. In the present study, the rational drug design approach was used to discover(More)
Quaternization of the nitrogen atom of 2-amino-4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfide analogues of chlorpromazine improved inhibition approximately 40-fold (3',4'-dichlorobenzyl-[5-chloro-2-phenylsulfanyl-phenylamino)-propyl]-dimethylammonium chloride inhibited trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma cruzi with a linear competitive Ki value of 1.7 +/- 0.2 microM).(More)