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  • Alexander B Downes, Todd S Sechser, Dale Copeland, Sarah Croco, Alexandre Debs, Matthew Fuhrmann +28 others
  • 2012
Do democracies make more effective coercive threats? An influential literature in international relations argues that democratic institutions allow leaders to credibly signal their resolve in crises, thereby making their threats more likely to work than threats by nondemocracies+ This article revisits the quantitative evidence for this proposition, which we(More)
  • Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, Michael D Ward, Hearn, Kyle Beardsley, Nathaniel Beck, Scott Gates +8 others
  • 2016
Democracy does not evolve sui generis. The spatial clustering in democracy and transitions suggests that international factors play a prominent role in forging democracies as well as influencing their durability. We argue that democracy often comes about as a result of changes in the relative power of important actors and groups as well as their evaluations(More)
President Barack Obama announced to the nation that Osama bin Laden was dead. Earlier that day, the president had ordered a team of elite military forces deep into Pakistan to kill the mastermind behind the September 11 terrorist attacks, which had shocked the country and the world nearly ten years before. During his speech, President Obama said that he had(More)
In this paper, we develop a general framework to analyze the influence of system load on service times in queueing systems. Our proposed framework unifies previous results and ties them to possible future studies to help empirical and analytical researchers to investigate and model the ways in which load impacts service times. We identify three load(More)
Democratic foreign policy choices are a function of expected international outcomes and the preferences, power, and information of domestic actors. Studies of domestic political competition and international crisis bargaining have argued that an opposition's policy positions send credible signals of the government's intentions to adversarial target states.(More)
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