Kenneth S. Macklin

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Campy-Cefex, a modification of Campy-Cefex, modified charcoal cefoperazone deoxycholate (mCCDA), Karmali, CAMPY, and Campy-Line agars were evaluated for their efficiency to isolate and enumerate Campylobacter spp. from poultry carcass rinses. Campy-Cefex and its modification produced the best results but were statistically similar to CAMPY, mCCDA, and(More)
Detection and titration of chicken anemia virus (CAV)-neutralizing antibodies has relied on tedious, time-consuming passaging of infected cells, or subjective recognition of cytopathic effect in individual cells, because CAV replicates in culture only in lymphoblastoid cell lines, and thus generates no plaques. This paper describes a rapid method, in which(More)
The etiological agent of necrotic enteritis is Clostridium perfringens. Traditionally, necrotic enteritis is controlled with in-feed antibiotics. However, increasing consumer demand for drug-free poultry has fostered the search for nonantibiotic alternatives. Yeast extract contain nucleotides that are immunomodulatory and also essential for cellular(More)
Comparisons of bacterial populations over long periods of time allow researchers to identify clonal populations, perhaps those responsible for contamination of farms or humans. Salmonella and Campylobacter can cause human illness, and our objective was to use a library typing system to track strains that persist in the poultry house and through the(More)
Two experiments are described; each experiment contained five treatments with each treatment consisting of a specific diet and vitamin E at 8.82 mg, 41.89 mg, 74.96 mg, 108.03 mg, or 141.10 mg vitamin E per kilogram of feed. Birds were raised with continuous feed containing the various levels of vitamin E available throughout the experiment. At 4 wk of age,(More)
The chicken major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has been implicated in conferring resistance or susceptibility to several bacterial, parasitic, and viral diseases, the most notable of which is Marek's disease. In Marek's disease certain MHC haplotypes have been shown to confer relative resistance (B21), whereas other haplotypes are susceptible (B13).(More)
The chicken major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has been implicated in conferring resistance/susceptibility to several bacterial, parasitic, and viral diseases. Investigators have shown that the chicken MHC plays a major role in determining the outcome of a Marek's disease infection, in that standard B(13) is susceptible to the virus while B(21) confers(More)
A gangrenous dermatitis model was developed in broiler chickens, in which birds previously vaccinated at 14 days of age with a bursal disease virus vaccine were challenged at 4 wk of age with various bacterial combinations with the combination of subcutaneous and intramuscular injection. Gangrenous dermatitis lesions were not produced in birds injected with(More)
An experiment was conducted to observe the effects of 10 different avian Escherichia coli isolates in 3-day post-hatch broiler chicks after subcutaneous administration. Isolates were originally obtained from various avian sources throughout the US. Chicks were injected subcutaneously on the ventral surface and necropsied at 7-day intervals for 3 weeks.(More)
Controlling Salmonella populations on commercial broiler grow out farms is a crucial step in reducing Salmonella contamination in processing plants. Broiler litter harbors many species of pathogenic bacteria including Salmonella. Sodium bisulfate has been shown to reduce concentration of bacteria in broiler litter. In experiments 1 and 2, sodium bisulfate(More)