Kenneth S. Macklin

Learn More
Campy-Cefex, a modification of Campy-Cefex, modified charcoal cefoperazone deoxycholate (mCCDA), Karmali, CAMPY, and Campy-Line agars were evaluated for their efficiency to isolate and enumerate Campylobacter spp. from poultry carcass rinses. Campy-Cefex and its modification produced the best results but were statistically similar to CAMPY, mCCDA, and(More)
A TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay were developed to detect Gallid herpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1, formerly Infectious laryngotracheitis virus). The standard curve of real-time PCR was established, and the sensitivity reached 10 copies/μl. In the current study, the conversion between viral titer(More)
Detection and titration of chicken anemia virus (CAV)-neutralizing antibodies has relied on tedious, time-consuming passaging of infected cells, or subjective recognition of cytopathic effect in individual cells, because CAV replicates in culture only in lymphoblastoid cell lines, and thus generates no plaques. This paper describes a rapid method, in which(More)
Clostridium colinum is the causative agent of ulcerative enteritis, a serious disease of the bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) and sporadically of young chickens. The aim of the present study was to develop a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay specific for C. colinum identification. The 16S rDNA sequence of C. colinum was analysed and two(More)
Clostridium perfringens is important to both poultry producers and humans. The excretion rate of pathogenic foodborne bacteria increases after live haul; however, the majority of research into flock cross-contamination has been performed on Salmonella and Campylobacter. Research into the sources of C. perfringens in poultry operations have implied that(More)
Comparisons of bacterial populations over long periods of time allow researchers to identify clonal populations, perhaps those responsible for contamination of farms or humans. Salmonella and Campylobacter can cause human illness, and our objective was to use a library typing system to track strains that persist in the poultry house and through the(More)
The etiological agent of necrotic enteritis is Clostridium perfringens. Traditionally, necrotic enteritis is controlled with in-feed antibiotics. However, increasing consumer demand for drug-free poultry has fostered the search for nonantibiotic alternatives. Yeast extract contain nucleotides that are immunomodulatory and also essential for cellular(More)
Two experiments are described; each experiment contained five treatments with each treatment consisting of a specific diet and vitamin E at 8.82 mg, 41.89 mg, 74.96 mg, 108.03 mg, or 141.10 mg vitamin E per kilogram of feed. Birds were raised with continuous feed containing the various levels of vitamin E available throughout the experiment. At 4 wk of age,(More)
A two-part serial survey of 49 broiler breeder farms was conducted in four south-eastern states: Arkansas, Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina. Broiler breeder farms from three to five broiler company complexes in each state were visited on two separate occasions to document management practices and perform environmental sampling for Salmonella prevalence(More)
The chicken major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has been implicated in conferring resistance or susceptibility to several bacterial, parasitic, and viral diseases, the most notable of which is Marek's disease. In Marek's disease certain MHC haplotypes have been shown to confer relative resistance (B21), whereas other haplotypes are susceptible (B13).(More)