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Oestrogen is considered to be the 'female' hormone, whereas testosterone is considered the 'male' hormone. However, both hormones are present in both sexes. Thus sexual distinctions are not qualitative differences, but rather result from quantitative divergence in hormone concentrations and differential expressions of steroid hormone receptors. In males,(More)
17Beta-estradiol can potentiate kainate-induced currents in isolated hippocampal CA1 neurons. The action of estrogen was rapid in onset, steroid and stereospecific, and reversible. The potentiation could be mimicked by 8-bromo-cAMP, an activator of protein kinase A. As the hippocampus expresses both isoforms of the intracellular estrogen receptor (ER alpha(More)
The physiological responses of the rodent uterus to acute estrogen (E) dosing can be divided into early and late events. Examples of early responses include increased RNA transcription, hyperemia, and water imbibition 2 and 6 h following E administration respectively, whereas later responses include cycles of DNA synthesis and mitosis of epithelial cells(More)
BACKGROUND Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are widely found in the environment. Estrogen-like activity is attributed to EDCs, such as bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and zearalenone (Zea), but mechanisms of action and diversity of effects are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We used in vitro models to evaluate the mechanistic actions of BPA,(More)
Precise control of transcriptional programmes underlying metazoan development is modulated by enzymatically active co-regulatory complexes, coupled with epigenetic strategies. One thing that remains unclear is how specific members of histone modification enzyme families, such as histone methyltransferases and demethylases, are used in vivo to simultaneously(More)
The gonadal steroid estrogen exerts an important modulatory influence on the activity of multiple neuronal networks. In addition to classical genomic mechanisms of action, estrogen also exerts poorly understood rapid, nongenomic effects on neurons. To examine whether estrogen may exert rapid actions on intracellular signaling within gonadotropin-releasing(More)
The role of the a form of estrogen receptor (ER alpha) gene expression in the regulation of testosterone-dependent male reproductive behaviors was investigated using ER knockout mice (ERKO), which are specifically deficient in functional ER alpha, but not ER beta, gene expression. Previous studies in gonadally intact ERKO mice revealed that male aggressive(More)
It has been shown that long-term estrogen treatment in gonadectomized female mice increases anxiety levels. On the other hand, a recent study has reported that estrogen may down-regulate the levels of anxiety by acting through estrogen receptor (ER) beta. In the present study, we investigated the role of ER-beta in the regulation of anxiety levels in female(More)
Recent data indicate that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) may have a function in mediating the mitogenic effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) in the uterus and in regulating the growth of uterine neoplasms. This study was designed to determine whether synthetic and plant-derived chemicals that interact with estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) and elicit(More)
Male mice with a knockout of the estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha gene, a ligand-activated transcription factor, showed reduced levels of intromissions and no ejaculations whereas simple mounting behavior was not affected. In contrast, all components of sexual behaviors were intact in male mice lacking the novel ER-beta gene. Here we measure the extent of(More)