Kenneth S Killham

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Net nitrification rates tend to be low or negligible in the forest floor of many coniferous forests of North-East Scotland. The most likely process controls are substrate availability, pH, allelopathy, water potential, nutrient status and temperature. These are discussed in relation to field and laboratory studies of net and potential rates of(More)
Rhizosphere processes play a key role in nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Plant rhizodeposits supply low-molecular weight carbon substrates to the soil microbial community, resulting in elevated levels of activity surrounding the root. Mechanistic compartmental models that aim to model carbon flux through the rhizosphere have been reviewed and(More)
Meteoritic materials are investigated as potential early planetary nutrients. Aqueous extracts of the Murchison C2 carbonaceous meteorite are utilized as a sole carbon source by microorganisms, as demonstrated by the genetically modified Pseudomonas fluorescence equipped with the lux gene. Nutrient effects are observed also with the soil microorganisms(More)
The effects of soil temperature and bulk soil pH on the vertical translocation of a genetically modified Pseudomonas fluorescens inoculum were studied in reconstituted soil microcosms, in the presence and absence of growing Lolium perenne roots. The inoculated microcosms received one rainfall event per day (5 mm h-1 for 6 h) for 5 days and the resulting(More)
The dynamics of C partitioning with Lolium perenne and its associated rhizosphere was investigated in plant-soil microcosms using 14C pulse-chase labelling. The 14CO2 pulse was introduced into the shoot chamber and the plants allowed to assimilate the label for a fixed period. The microcosm design facilitated independent monitoring of shoot and root/soil(More)
Perennial rye-grass was subjected to two different14C labelling regimes to enable a partitioning of the carbon sources contributing to rhizosphere carbon-flow. Plant/soil microcosms were designed which enabled rye-grass plants to either receive a single pulse of14C−CO2 or to be pre-labelled using a series of14C−CO2 pulses, allowing the fate of newly(More)
The perennial bunchgrassEhrharta calycina was grown with and without V.A.M. fungal infection (Glomus fasciculatum) in a sandy loam exposed to a range of acidic and heavy metal depositions. Heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Fe, and Co) were applied in simulated rain (pH 3.0, 4.0, and 5.6) at deposition rates approximating those observed to result from smelter(More)
Albizia adianthifolia (Schumach) W. F. Wright, a N-fixing legume tree, has a wide distribution in Africa, in Ghana occurring in high rainfall forests and in seasonally droughted forests, and is associated in the Ghanaian forest zone with dry, infertile sites. We hypothesised that A. adianthifolia hosted different rhizobial strains in different forest types,(More)
The leaching of a genetically modified Pseudomonas fluorescens through soil was investigated using intact (undisturbed) soil microcosms over a 2-month period. The microcosms comprised large cylindrical cores of three contrasting soil types (a loamy sand, a sandy loam, and a clay loam) supporting a grass/clover sward. Late log-phase cells of Pseudomonas(More)
To determine the effect of microbial metabolites on the release of root exudates from perennial ryegrass, seedlings were pulse labelled with [14C]-CO2 in the presence of a range of soil micro-organisms. Microbial inoculants were spatially separated from roots by Millipore membranes so that root infection did not occur. Using this technique, only microbial(More)