Kenneth R Whittemore

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OBJECTIVE To characterize the causes and treatment of facial nerve paresis (FNP) in pediatric patients. METHOD Retrospective study in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. Thirty-four patients identified with partial or complete FNP evaluated between 1997 and 2003. A review of the medical records including sex, age, laterality, etiology, therapy, severity(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the controversial aspects of the enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome. STUDY DESIGN Contemporary review. METHODS A literature search using the terms "enlarged vestibular aqueduct and large vestibular aqueduct" were used to generate the articles for review in this article. RESULTS The enlarged vestibular aqueduct is a condition(More)
OBJECTIVE To review current concepts of the mechanical processes of the human middle ear, and to apply them to practical issues in clinical otology and tympanoplasty surgery. BACKGROUND The wide range of conductive hearing losses associated with middle ear pathology and reconstruction cannot be adequately explained by simple models of middle ear function.(More)
The contribution of the middle ear air spaces to sound transmission through the middle ear in canal wall-up and canal wall-down mastoidectomy was studied in human temporal bones by measurements of middle ear input impedance and sound pressure difference across the tympanic membrane for the frequency range 50 Hz to 5 kHz. These measurements indicate that,(More)
This study compared calbindin D-28k immunoreactivity in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) in young (3-4 month old) and old (24-26 month old) CBA/CaJ mice, and young (3-4 month old), middle-aged (6.5-8.5 month old), and old (24-29 month old) C57BL/6 mice. C57BL/6 mice exhibit progressively more severe peripheral (sensorineural) hearing loss(More)
Laser Doppler vibrometry was used to measure the sound-induced tympanic membrane (TM) velocity, assessed near the umbo, in 56 normal hearing human subjects at nine sound frequencies. A second series of measurements was made in 47 subjects with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Each set of measurements has features in common with previously published(More)
A 10-year-old girl presented with a mildly tender mass in the right preauricular region. The mass became larger, and the overlying skin turned purple. There was no clinical response to a course of either cephalexin or clarithromycin. The remainder of the head and neck examination was normal including normal facial nerve function. Lyme titers and a computed(More)
Understanding of the embryologic origin of the stapes remains controversial. Theories diverge upon whether the entirety of the stapes arises from a single source versus the footplate and suprastructure arising from distinct sources. A 12-year-old boy with left-sided conductive hearing loss had computed tomography of the temporal bone, revealing an(More)
Described is the first case report, to our knowledge, of a middle-ear dermoid in a child with branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome. Radiographic, pathologic, and intraoperative figures are shown. This was a diagnostic and surgical challenge as the presentation was similar to a congenital cholesteatoma and the child had numerous significant temporal bone(More)
To demonstrate the feasibility and clinical significance of cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) test in pediatric patients.Retrospective review study was conducted in a pediatric tertiary care facility. A total of 278 patients were identified with adequate data, including medical notes, results of cVEMP, and imaging studies.Among the total(More)