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PCR-based identification of all 13 known self-incompatibility (S) alleles of sweet cherry is reported. Two pairs of consensus primers were designed from our previously published cDNA sequences of S 1 to S 6 S-RNases, the stylar components of self-incompatibility, to reveal length variation of the first and the second introns. With the exception of the first(More)
Reverse transcription of stylar RNA from three cherry cultivars representing six self-incompatibility (S) alleles, Early Rivers (S 1 S 2 ), Napoleon (S 3 S 4 ) and Colney (S 5 S 6 ), followed by 3′ RACE using degenerate primers based on conserved regions of Prunus S ribonucleases (S RNases), gave six classes of partial putative S RNase clones. These were(More)
Recently, an S haplotype-specific F-box (SFB) gene has been proposed as a candidate for the pollen-S specificity gene of RNase-mediated gametophytic self-incompatibility in Prunus (Rosaceae). We have examined two pollen-part mutant haplotypes of sweet cherry (Prunus avium). Both were found to retain the S-RNase, which determines stylar specificity, but one(More)
Proteins were extracted from styles of 29 self-incompatible cultivars of almond and separated using non-equilibrium pH gradient electro-focusing, and the gels were stained for ribonuclease activity. Mutually incompatible cultivars had similar banding patterns and, for the 24 cultivars already genotyped in France or California, the bands correlated well with(More)
Six almond progenies, each the product of a cross between a self-compatible and a self-incompatible parent, were analysed for stylar ribonucleases. Proteins were extracted and separated using non-equilibrium pH gradient electrofocusing (NEPHGE), and the gels were stained for ribonuclease activity. Most seedlings showed either two principal bands,(More)
A total of 45 microsatellites (SSRs) were developed for mapping in Fragaria. They included 31 newly isolated codominant genomic SSRs from F. nubicola and a further 14 SSRs, derived from an expressed sequence tagged library (EST-SSRs) of the cultivated strawberry, F. × ananassa. These, and an additional 64 previously characterised but unmapped SSRs and(More)
Fifty-six cultivars of apple were analysed for stylar ribonucleases; proteins were extracted from styles, separated by non-equilibrium pH gel electrofocusing and stained for activity. Excellent correlation was found between the ribonuclease bands revealed and the 11 known incompatibility, S, alleles, in 14 diploid cultivars genotyped in the classic work of(More)
Many species of Prunus display an S-RNase-based gametophytic self-incompatibility (SI), controlled by a single highly polymorphic multigene complex termed the S-locus. This comprises tightly linked stylar- and pollen-expressed genes that determine the specificity of the SI response. We investigated SI of Prunus tenella, a wild species found in small,(More)
This study characterises a series of 12 S-locus haplotype-specific F-box protein genes (SFB) in cherry (Prunus avium) that are likely candidates for the pollen component of gametophytic self-incompatibility in this species. Primers were designed to amplify 12 SFB alleles, including the introns present in the 5′ untranslated region; sequences representing(More)
Diploid Fragaria provide a potential model for genomic studies in the Rosaceae. To develop a genetic linkage map of diploid Fragaria, we scored 78 markers (68 microsatellites, one sequence-characterised amplified region, six gene-specific markers and three morphological traits) in an interspecific F2 population of 94 plants generated from a cross of F.vesca(More)