Learn More
The common occurrence of hearing loss in both humans and mice, and the anatomical and functional similarities of their inner ears, attest to the potential of mice being used as models to study inherited hearing loss. A large-scale, auditory screening project is being undertaken at The Jackson Laboratory (TJL) to identify mice with inherited hearing(More)
Hair cells are mechanosensors for the perception of sound, acceleration, and fluid motion. Mechanotransduction channels in hair cells are gated by tip links, which connect the stereocilia of a hair cell in the direction of their mechanical sensitivity. The molecular constituents of the mechanotransduction channels of hair cells are not known. Here, we show(More)
Age-related hearing loss (AHL) in common inbred mouse strains is a genetically complex quantitative trait. We found a synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism in exon 7 of Cdh23 that shows significant association with AHL and the deafness modifier mdfw (modifer of deafwaddler). The hypomorphic Cdh23(753A) allele causes in-frame skipping of exon 7. Altered(More)
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) comprise a set of at least 6 distinct human and an unknown number of animal diseases characterized by storage of proteolipids in lysosomes of many cell types. By unknown mechanisms, this accumulation leads to or is associated with severe neuronal and retinal degeneration. The genes for 3 human NCLs, infantile, late(More)
A spontaneous mutation causing deafness and circling behavior was discovered in a C3H/HeJ colony of mice at the Jackson Laboratory. Pathological analysis of mutant mice revealed gross morphological abnormalities of the inner ear, and also dysmorphic or missing kidneys. The deafness and abnormal behavior were shown to be inherited as an autosomal recessive(More)
Early outgrowth of the vertebrate embryonic limb requires signalling by the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) to the progress zone (PZ), which in response proliferates and lays down the pattern of the presumptive limb in a proximal to distal progression. Signals from the PZ maintain the AER until the anlagen for the distal phalanges have been formed. The(More)
In second-generation sparctics (Salvelinus fontinalis × Salvelinus alpinus) backcrossed toS. fontinalis, we have identified tight classical linkage of phenotypic sex withLdh-1, Aat-5, andGpi-3. We designate this locusSex-1 and suggest that it may be the primary sex-determining locus in salmonids. Cumulative salmonid gene-to-centromere map distances for the(More)
Mutations in genes coding for cadherin 23 and protocadherin 15 cause deafness in both mice and humans. Here, we provide evidence that mutations at these two cadherin loci can interact to cause hearing loss in digenic heterozygotes of both species. Using a classical genetic approach, we generated mice that were heterozygous for both Cdh23 and Pcdh15(More)
The deaf waddler (dfw) mutation is a model system to study the biology of neuroepithelial hearing defects in mice. Here we describe the identification and characterization of a new allele of deaf waddler (dfw2J) and present evidence for a hearing susceptibility locus (mdfw) that interacts with dfw. We found that CBy-dfw2J/dfw2J homozygotes exhibit no(More)
Mouse deafness mutations provide valuable models of human hearing disorders and entry points into molecular pathways important to the hearing process. A newly discovered mouse mutation named hurry-scurry (hscy) causes deafness and vestibular dysfunction. Scanning electron microscopy of cochleae from 8-day-old mutants revealed disorganized hair bundles, and(More)