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Drinking water that does not equilibrate with ruminal fluid, i.e., bypasses the rumen, was studied qualitatively and quantitatively in eight rumen-fistulated lactating Holstein cows. Decreased temperatures in the sulcus omasi and abomasum shortly after initiation of drinking indicated that water had bypassed the rumen. Recovery of a water-soluble marker,(More)
1. Renal tissue blood flow (renal perfusion) and plasma levels of arginine vasotocin (AVT) and mesotocin (MT) were measured in anesthetized chickens before and during hemorrhage. 2. Renal perfusion did not decrease (P less than 0.05) until nearly 50% of the blood volume had been removed. The decrease in renal perfusion was not related to arterial blood(More)
Presented here is a theoretical analysis of the recently developed thermal pulse decay (TPD) method for a simultaneous measurement of local tissue conductivity and blood perfusion rate. The paper describes the theoretical model upon which the TPD method is based and details its capabilities and limitations. The theoretical aspects that affected the(More)
We describe a new system for an almost continuous, on-line measurement of local blood perfusion in living tissue. The technique uses a thermal method based on measurements of the tissue temperature decay after a short pulse (approximately equal to 3 s) of local heating. The instrumentation system consists of six small thermistor microprobes, a probe(More)
Successful hyperthermia treatment of tumors requires understanding the attendant thermal processes in both diseased and healthy tissue. Accordingly, it is essential for developers and users of hyperthermia equipment to predict, measure and interpret correctly the tissue thermal and vascular response to heating. Modeling of heat transfer in living tissues is(More)
The purpose of this study was to subject groups of newborn male and female Sprague-Dawley rats each to a specific 10% simulated increase in body weight, to a maximum of a doubling of body weight, to study the effects of quantified, increased, intermittent, compressive forces on limb bone growth. Chronic centrifugation was employed. After 90 days of(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to subject separate male and female groups of weanling hypophysectomized rats each to a specific 10% simulated increase in body weight using constant centrifugation, ranging from 1.1G to 2.0G, to study changes in bone robusticity and bone mineral content. (In this paper, "G" is the acceleration due to gravity.) After 60(More)
The present communication presents a single microprobe technique for measuring tissue thermal properties based on the dissipation of a measured amount of energy and the observation of the resulting temperature rise a given time later. An advantage of this method is that the effective sampling volume can be varied by varying the measurement time. Using a(More)
A simple technique for measuring thermal conductivity of biomaterials is described. The method is based on depositing a pulse of heat into the material of choice, and fitting the subsequent local temperature decay to that predicted by a theoretical model. This transient method is most suitable in situations where frequent measurements of the thermal(More)