Kenneth R. Hoffmann

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As interventional procedures become more complicated, the need for accurate quantitative vascular information increases. In response to this need, many commercial vendors provide techniques for measurement of vessel sizes, usually based on derivative techniques. In this study, we investigate the accuracy of several techniques used in the measurement of(More)
Use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is becoming more frequent. For proper reconstruction, the geometry of the CBCT systems must be known. While the system can be designed to reduce errors in the geometry, calibration measurements must still be performed and corrections applied. Investigators have proposed techniques using calibration objects for(More)
The locations of the human primary hand cortical somatosensory and motor areas were estimated using structural and functional MRI, scalp-recorded somatosensory-evoked potential dipole localization, expert judgments based on cortical anatomy, and direct cortical stimulation and recording studies. The within-subject reliability of localization (across 3(More)
Human electrocorticographic findings recorded from subdural arrays of electrodes were topographically mapped directly onto magnetic resonance images of gyral anatomy. With this technique gyri involved in generating somatosensory evoked potentials and epileptic phenomena are easily identified. Regions of the cortex which exhibit local spectral changes(More)
The use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is growing in the clinical arena due to its ability to provide 3D information during interventions, its high diagnostic quality (sub-millimeter resolution), and its short scanning times (60 s). In many situations, the short scanning time of CBCT is followed by a time-consuming 3D reconstruction. The standard(More)
We propose an optimization algorithm to solve the brachytherapy seed localization problem in prostate brachytherapy. Our algorithm is based on novel geometric approaches to exploit the special structure of the problem and relies on a number of key observations which help us formulate the optimization problem as a minimization integer program (IP). Our IP(More)
PURPOSE Treatment of vascular disease often involves endovascular interventions which use the vascular system for delivering treatment devices via a previously inserted guidewire to the diseased site. Previous studies show relative reproducibility of guidewire position after insertion, indicating that the guidewire position is constrained and could be(More)
The use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is growing in the clinical arena due to its ability to provide 3-D information during interventions, its high diagnostic quality (sub-millimeter resolution), and its short scanning times (60 seconds). In many situations, the short scanning time of CBCT is followed by a time consuming 3-D reconstruction. The(More)