Kenneth R. Hoffmann

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The use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is growing in the clinical arena due to its ability to provide 3D information during interventions, its high diagnostic quality (sub-millimeter resolution), and its short scanning times (60 s). In many situations, the short scanning time of CBCT is followed by a time-consuming 3D reconstruction. The standard(More)
The technology for determination of the 3D vascular tree and quantitative characterization of the vessel lumen and vessel wall has become available. With this technology, cardiologists will no longer rely primarily on visual inspection of coronary angiograms but use sophisticated modeling techniques combining images from various modalities for the(More)
Construction of a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system for laboratory research usually requires integration of different software and hardware components. As a result, building and operating such a complex system require the expertise of researchers with significantly different backgrounds. Additionally, writing flexible code to control the hardware(More)
Treatment of vascular disease often involves endovascular interventions which use the vascular system for delivering treatment devices via a previously inserted guidewire to the diseased site. Previous studies show relative reproducibility of guidewire position after insertion, indicating that the guidewire position is constrained and could be represented(More)
With the increasing number and complexity of therapeutic coronary interventions, there is an increasing need for accurate quantitative measurements. These interventions and measurements may be facilitated by accurate and reproducible magnifications and orientations of the vessel structures, specifically by accurate 3D vascular tree centerlines. A number of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Development of hemodynamic modifying devices to treat intracranial aneurysms is an active area of research. The asymmetrical vascular stent (AVS), a stent containing a low-porosity patch, is such device. We evaluate AVS efficacy in an in vivo intracranial aneurysm model. METHODS We created 24 elastase rabbit model aneurysms: 13(More)
An integral part of cardiac imaging is the evaluation of cardiac function. The parameters measured are essential elements of cardiac diagnosis, patient management, and the estimation of prognosis. Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance can measure cardiac indices with an accuracy and reproducibility unrivaled by present clinical imaging methods;(More)
During angiography, blood flow is visualized with a radiopaque contrast agent, which is denser than blood. In complex vasculature, such as cerebral saccular aneurysms, the density difference may produce an appreciable gravity effect, where the contrast material separates from blood and settles along the gravity direction. Although contrast settling has been(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intracranial aneurysm (IA) treatment through hemodynamic modification with novel stent designs is a burgeoning area of research. We present a feasibility study for a new low-porosity patch-containing stent designed to treat intracranial aneurysms. The device is deployed so the patch covers the aneurysm neck ensuring strong flow(More)