— The spectral characteristics of cross-phase modulation (XPM) in multispan intensity-modulation direct-detection (IM-DD) optical systems are investigated, both experimentally and theoretically. XPM crosstalk levels and its spectral features are found to be strongly dependent on fiber dispersion and optical signal channel spacing. Interference between… (More)
— A new phase-matching factor is derived for four-wave mixing (FWM) that includes the effects of self-phase and cross-phase modulation in optical fibers. Theoretical results predict that the wavelength of peak FWM efficiency shifts away from the fiber zero-dispersion wavelength and indicate that the conventional phase-matching factor may induce significant… (More)
—An adaptive polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) compensation system has been developed to cancel the effects of first-order PMD by producing a complementary PMD vector in the receiver. Control parameters for the PMD compensation system comprised of a polarization controller and a PMD emu-lator are derived from the nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) signal in the… (More)
—The T-match structure is commonly used to match an RFID chip's reactive impedance to a dipole. Models that describe T-match are known, but they are neither sufficiently accurate to model antennas nor to synthesize the antenna geometry. Here, we present the embedded T-match circuit model, which is amenable to accurate analysis and synthesis.
— The RFID industry is growing rapidly, especially in the UHF frequency band that is being used extensively in supply chain management. Traditionally, inlays have been constructed from etched copper or aluminum. Etching is a subtractive process that uses chemicals and can creates waste. Recently, inlays are manufactured using silver-based inks. Printing is… (More)
— A method for measuring polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) on fiber links using four-wave mixing (FWM) generation is presented. This method uses a probe signal to analyze the signal polarization state via FWM generation. The FWM power transfer function is derived in terms of the Stokes parameters, and is validated using both simulated and experimental… (More)
A nonlinear Poincare sphere method for measuring polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) using the four-wave mixing (FWM) effect in single-mode optical fibers is presented. This method is based on the FWM-power transfer function on the polarization states of the input signals. Average PMD can be obtained by using this method with measurements in just a narrow… (More)
Abstruct-The spectral characteristics of cross-phase modulation (XPM) in multispan intensity-modulation direct-detection (IM-DD) optical systems are investigated, both experimentally and theoretically. XPM crosstalk levels and its spectral features are found to be strongly dependent on fiber dispersion and optical signal channel spacing. Interference… (More)