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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Trials of antidepressant medications for smoking cessation have had mixed results. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a sustained-release form of bupropion for smoking cessation. We excluded smokers with current depression, but not those with a history of major depression. The 615 subjects were randomly assigned(More)
Patterns of bone loss in the axial and the appendicular skeleton were studied in 185 normal volunteers (105 women and 82 men; age range, 20--89 yr) and in 76 women and 9 men with vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis. Bone mineral density was measured in vivo at the lumbar spine (predominantly trabecular bone) by dual photon absorptiometry and at the(More)
We compared changes over 24 h in 15 postmenopausal normal women (mean [+/- SD] age, 64 +/- 7 yr) with those in 15 postmenopausal women with type I osteoporosis and vertebral fractures (mean age, 64 +/- 5 yr). The serum osteocalcin concentration, a sensitive index of bone formation, increased by about 5% at night in both groups. Urinary deoxypyridinoline(More)
We measured bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal femur, lumbar spine, or both by dual photon absorptiometry in 205 normal volunteers (123 women and 82 men; age range 20 to 92 yr) and in 31 patients with hip fractures (26 women and 5 men; mean age, 78 yr). For normal women, the regression of BMD on age was negative and linear at each site; overall(More)
We made longitudinal measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) in 139 normal women (ages 20-88 yr) at midradius (99% cortical bone) and lumbar spine (approximately 70% trabecular bone) by single- and dual-photon absorptiometry. BMD was measured 2-6 (median, 3) times over an interval of 0.8-3.4 yr (median, 2.1 yr). For midradius, BMD did not change(More)
Using the centralized diagnostic data resource for the population of Rochester, Minnesota, we determined the prevalence of medically diagnosed dementia for this community. There were 289 individuals with dementia who were residing in Rochester on January 1, 1975: 208 women and 81 men. The overall age- and sex-adjusted rates per 100,000 population were 342(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to estimate survival and quality of outcome and assess factors associated with outcome for patients out 5 to 15 years from their Fontan operation. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 352 patients who had the Fontan operation prior to 1985. The overall 1-, 5-, and 10-year survival was 77%, 70%, and 60%, respectively. The(More)
BACKGROUND A past history of major depression or alcoholism has been associated with poorer smoking treatment outcomes. AIM To evaluate the efficacy of bupropion for smoking cessation in smokers with a former history of major depression or alcoholism, and changes in depressive symptoms during smoking abstinence. METHOD Data were drawn from a multicentre(More)
Between 1950 and 1974, 318 cases of initial pneumothorax were diagnosed among the residents of Olmsted County, Minn. Seventy-five cases were due to trauma, and 102 were iatrogenic. One hundred forty-one cases were spontaneous in onset, of which 77 were primary and 64 secondary to a specific underlying pulmonary disease. The age-adjusted incidence of primary(More)
AIMS To evaluate the efficacy and safety of orally administered naltrexone, alone or in combination with nicotine patches, as a treatment for cigarette smoking. DESIGN Randomized, partially-blinded, 2 x 2 factorial trial using naltrexone (active vs. placebo) and nicotine patches (active vs. none). PARTICIPANTS One hundred cigarette smokers. (More)