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Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), condensing homocysteine and serine, represents a key regulatory point in the biosynthesis of cysteine via the transsulfuration pathway. Inherited deficiency of CBS causes homocystinuria. CBS is activated by S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) by inducing a conformational change involving a noncatalytic C-terminal region(More)
Patients with nonketotic hyperglycinemia and deficient glycine cleavage enzyme activity, but without mutations in AMT, GLDC or GCSH, the genes encoding its constituent proteins, constitute a clinical group which we call 'variant nonketotic hyperglycinemia'. We hypothesize that in some patients the aetiology involves genetic mutations that result in a(More)
Classical homocystinuria (HCU) is caused by mutations in cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) which, if untreated, typically results in cognitive impairment, thromboembolic complications and connective tissue disturbances. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and apolipoprotein apoA-I are both synthesized in the liver and contribute to much of the cardioprotective effects of(More)
This study assessed social behavior in a mouse model of Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the Fmr1 (tm1Cgr) or Fmr1 "knockout" (KO) mouse. Both the KO and wild-type (WT) mice preferred to be near a novel conspecific than to be alone. However, during the initial interaction with a novel conspecific, (1) a greater proportion of the KO mice exhibited high levels of(More)
Deletion of distal 6p is associated with a distinctive clinical phenotype including Axenfeld-Rieger malformation, hearing loss, congenital heart disease, dental anomalies, developmental delay, and a characteristic facial appearance. We report the case of a child where recognition of the specific ocular and facial phenotype, led to identification of a 6p(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) catalyzes the condensation of serine with homocysteine to form cystathionine and occupies a crucial regulatory position between the methionine cycle and transsulfuration. The human cystathionine beta-synthase gene promoters -1a and -1b are expressed in a limited number of tissues and are coordinately regulated with(More)
The incidence of obesity is now at epidemic proportions and has resulted in the emergence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as a common metabolic disorder that can lead to liver injury and cirrhosis. Excess sucrose and long-chain saturated fatty acids in the diet may play a role in the development and progression of NAFLD. One factor linking(More)
The existence of Kousseff syndrome as a distinct entity has been thrown into doubt by a recent study conducted on the family originally reported by Kousseff. In all cases where chromosome 22q11.2 FISH testing has been undertaken, including the original sibship, a chromosome 22q11.2-microdeletion has been identified. We report two cases of sacral(More)
Impaired regulation of hepatic glucose production is a characteristic feature of the metabolic syndrome, a cluster of diseases that includes obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. It has been proposed that sustained endoplasmic reticulum stress, which appears to occur in obesity and diabetes, modulates insulin action in(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase [CBS; l-serine hydro-lyase (adding homocysteine), EC 4.2.1.22] catalyzes the first committed step of transsulfuration and is the enzyme deficient in classical homocystinuria. In this report, we describe the molecular cloning and the complete nucleotide sequence of the human CBS gene. We report a total of 28,046 nucleotides of(More)