Kenneth N. Litwak

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INTRODUCTION Popping, char and perforation are complications that can occur following catheter ablation. We measured the amount of grams (g) applied to the endocardium during ablation using a sensor incorporated in the long sheath of a robotic system. We evaluated the relationship between lesion formation, pressure, and the development of complications. (More)
The HeartMate II left ventricular assist device (LVAD) (ThermoCardiosystems, Inc, Woburn, MA) has evolved from 1991 when a partnership was struck between the McGowan Center of the University of Pittsburgh and Nimbus Company. Early iterations were conceptually based on axial-flow mini-pumps (Hemopump) and began with purge bearings. As the project developed,(More)
Chronic hyperglycemia has been implicated in a number of diabetes mellitus-related conditions in the human population, including retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, and vasculopathy. However, it has been difficult to evaluate the effect of long-term hyperglycemia in a research setting because of the disease's slow progression. In this study, we used(More)
Diabetes mellitus confers a threefold to fivefold increased risk of mortality from vascular disease. The primary cause of this increased incidence of vascular disease is atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms accounting for the increase are unclear. Chronic hyperglycemia is a common feature of all forms of diabetes mellitus and may contribute greatly to the(More)
Recent evidence argues strongly that the marked increase in risk for atherosclerotic heart disease seen in diabetics cannot be explained by a generalized increase in oxidative stress. Here, we used streptozotocin to induce hyperglycemia in cynomolgus monkeys for 6 months and tested whether high glucose levels promote localized oxidative damage to artery(More)
Over the past several decades, blood-soluble drag reducing polymers (DRPs) have been shown to significantly enhance hemodynamics in various animal models when added to blood at nanomolar concentrations. In the present study, the effects of the DRPs on blood circulation were tested in anesthetized rats exposed to acute hemorrhagic shock. The animals were(More)
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) have been used successfully as a bridge to transplant in heart failure patients by unloading ventricular volume and restoring the circulation. In a few cases, patients have been successfully weaned from these devices after myocardial recovery. To promote myocardial recovery and alleviate the demand for donor organs, we are(More)
Intravenous oxygenation represents a potential respiratory support modality for patients with acute respiratory failure or with acute exacerbations of chronic respiratory conditions. Our group has been developing an intravenous oxygenator, the IMO, which uses a constrained fiber bundle and a rapidly pulsating balloon within the fiber bundle. Balloon(More)
Current treatment for acute respiratory failure (ARF) includes the use of mechanical ventilation and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, both of which can exacerbate lung injury. Intravenous respiratory support, using hollow fiber membranes placed in the vena cava, represents an attractive potential treatment for ARF, which could help reduce or(More)
Thromboembolism and bleeding remain significant complications of ventricular assist device (VAD) support. Increasing the amount of biocompatibility data collected during preclinical studies can provide additional criteria to evaluate device refinements, while design changes may be implemented before entering clinical use. Twenty bovines were implanted with(More)