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Eleven susceptibility loci for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) were identified by previous studies; however, a large portion of the genetic risk for this disease remains unexplained. We conducted a large, two-stage meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in individuals of European ancestry. In stage 1, we used genotyped and imputed(More)
The voltage-sensitive sodium channel confers electrical excitability on neurons, a fundamental property required for higher processes including cognition. The ion-conducting alpha-subunit of the channel is regulated by two known auxiliary subunits, beta1 and beta2. We have identified rat and human forms of an additional subunit, beta3. It is most closely(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H (LGMD2H) is a mild autosomal recessive myopathy that was first described in the Manitoba Hutterite population. Previous studies in our laboratory mapped the causative gene for this disease to a 6.5-Mb region in chromosomal region 9q31-33, flanked by D9S302 and D9S1850. We have now used additional families and a panel(More)
We have identified four mutations in each of the breast cancer-susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, in French Canadian breast cancer and breast/ovarian cancer families from Quebec. To identify founder effects, we examined independently ascertained French Canadian cancer families for the distribution of these eight mutations. Mutations were found in 41 of(More)
The most common mycobacterial disease in humans is tuberculosis, and there is evidence for genetic factors in susceptibility to tuberculosis. In the mouse, the Bcg gene controls macrophage priming for activation and is a major gene for susceptibility to infection with mycobacteria. A candidate gene for Bcg was identified by positional cloning and was(More)
Vesico-ureteric reflux is the most common congenital anomaly of the urinary tract, characterized by a defective uretero-vesical junction with retrograde urine flow from the bladder toward the kidneys. Because there is strong evidence for a genetic basis for some cases of vesico-ureteric reflux, we screened 11 inbred mouse strains for reflux and kidney size(More)
Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH) is a rare disorder of autosomal recessive inheritance that was first described in a large consanguineous Bedouin kindred. HHRH is characterized by the presence of hypophosphatemia secondary to renal phosphate wasting, radiographic and/or histological evidence of rickets, limb deformities, muscle(More)
Genome imprinting is the process by which identical alleles at a particular locus may be rendered functionally different depending on the sex of the parent contributing the allele. While several mutations in imprinted genes have been defined, no variants in the regulatory system that gives rise to imprinting have been described. Here we report our genetic(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is part of a group of evolutionarily conserved pattern recognition receptors involved in the activation of the immune system in response to various pathogens and in the innate defense against infection. We describe here the cloning and characterization of the avian orthologue of mammalian TLR4. Chicken TLR4 encodes a(More)
The identification of human sequence polymorphisms that regulate gene expression is key to understanding human genetic diseases. We report a survey of human genes that demonstrate allelic differences in gene expression, reflecting the presence of putative allele-specific cis-acting factors of either genetic or epigenetic nature. The expression of allelic(More)