Kenneth Mealy

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Acute whiplash injuries are a common cause of soft tissue trauma for which the standard treatment is rest and initial immobilisation with a soft cervical collar. Because the efficacy of this treatment is unknown a randomised study in 61 patients was carried out comparing the standard treatment with an alternative regimen of early active mobilisation.(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection occurring in an incisional wound within 30 days of surgery and significantly effects patient recovery and hospital resources. OBJECTIVE This study sought to determine the relationship between preoperative serum albumin and SSI. METHODS A study of 524 patients who underwent gastrointestinal surgery(More)
During a 30-month period, 126 operations for emergency large bowel conditions were performed: 57 were for colonic carcinoma, 26 for acute diverticulitis, 14 for colonic ischaemia, 13 for complications of inflammatory bowel disease, and 16 for other conditions. Sixty-eight patients had peritonitis. One hundred and ten patients (87.3 per cent) underwent(More)
To determine whether mechanical bowel preparation influences the incidence of anastomotic dehiscence following colorectal surgery, 186 patients undergoing elective left colonic or rectal resection were randomized before surgery to bowel preparation (n = 89) or no bowel preparation (n = 97). Surgical technique was standardized and no patient had a(More)
PURPOSE Colorectal cancer commonly presents first as an emergency and is likely to be complicated by bowel obstruction/perforation requiring more difficult procedures, with poorer outcomes. Analysis of all of the procedures performed on patients diagnosed in Wexford General Hospital, Ireland, during the period 2000 to 2006 was carried out to validate this(More)
BACKGROUND With increasing antibiotic usage Clostridium difficile colitis is becoming more common. Surgery for fulminating C. difficile colitis, however, is rare because of the effectiveness of specific anticlostridial chemotherapy. Surgical outcome in five patients with fulminating C. difficile colitis involved in a recent outbreak of this disease is(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a cytokine that mediates many of the metabolic responses after endotoxemia, septicemia, and tissue injury. The effect of TNF on testicular function was determined in a series of studies in which rhTNF (0, 2, and 4 X 10(5) units/kg/24 hours) was administered by continuous infusion to male Wistar rats maintained on total(More)
The number of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) was documented over an 8-year-period in a known population age group. Patient figures were collected from the operative and post-mortem registers in the Worthing Health District. The overall mean incidence of RAAA was 13.9/100,000 patient years, although the incidence was noted to increase from 9.2 to(More)
Levels of the tumour markers CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125 and SCC were measured in 58 patients presenting with oesophageal carcinoma and compared with levels in patients with benign oesophageal disease and levels in normal volunteers. CEA and CA 19-9 were significantly increased in the patients with oesophageal cancer, however, individual sensitivity for CEA, CA(More)
This study examined respiratory function and metabolic and subjective responses in patients undergoing laparoscopic (n = 10) and open (n = 11) cholecystectomy for chronic cholecystitis and biliary colic. Patient groups were matched for age, sex, weight and height. The duration of operation was similar in both groups. Respiratory function tests (vital(More)