Kenneth Markowitz

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The hydrodynamic theory suggests that pain associated with stimulation of a sensitive tooth ultimately involves mechanotransduction as a consequence of fluid movement within exposed dentinal tubules. To determine whether putative mechanotransducers could underlie mechanotransduction in pulpal afferents, we used a single-cell PCR approach to screen(More)
Nerve activity was recorded from deep dentinal cavities in the canine teeth to assess the possible influence of potassium and divalent cations in decreasing this activity in hypersensitive teeth. The decreased activity after the topical application of 0.756 mol/l KCl to the cavity was primarily due to the cation. KCl elicited a biphasic response from(More)
Improved diagnostics remains a fundamental goal of biomedical research. This study was designed to assess cytokine biomarkers that could predict bone loss (BL) in localized aggressive periodontitis. 2,058 adolescents were screened. Two groups of 50 periodontally healthy adolescents were enrolled in the longitudinal study. One group had Aggregatibacter(More)
Potassium ion-containing solutions have been shown to initially excite then depress intradental nerve activity (INA) when applied into deep dentinal cavities. The INA reflects activity originating in intradental A fibers. Application of KCl to deep dentinal cavities also induces an increase in pulpal blood flow (PBF). Capsaicin is known to exert a highly(More)
Diabetic patients are generally advised to check their blood glucose level 5 to 7 times per day. Since the all current existing conventional methods of home blood glucose tests are painful, intimidating, laborious, and expensive, since they require obtaining a blood sample by pricking a fingertip with a needle or lancet. Thus it is necessary to develop a(More)
Dentinal sensitivity is a common complaint of patients. Removal of cementum or enamel leaves the dentin exposed allowing various stimuli to produce fluid movement through the dentinal tubules. These fluid movements are believed to activate pulpal sensory nerves leading to pain. Various therapeutic approaches have been investigated to treat this problem.(More)
Intradental nerve activity (INA) was recorded from cat canine teeth to determine whether solutions altering intradental nerve sensitivity were strongly correlated to the osmotic concentration of the solution or via a more direct action on intradental nerve excitability. The effects of various ionic and non-ionic solutions were tested in both deep and(More)
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