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A mutation in the MAR1 (mating-type regulator) locus causing sterility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is reported. The mutation maps on the left arm of linkage group IV between trp1 and cdc2 at a distance of about 27 cM from trp1 and about 31 cM from cdc2. Haploid strains with genotype MATalpha HMalpha HMa mar1-1 and MATa HMalpha HMamar1-1 are sterile.(More)
The Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary approximately 65.5 million years ago marks one of the three largest mass extinctions in the past 500 million years. The extinction event coincided with a large asteroid impact at Chicxulub, Mexico, and occurred within the time of Deccan flood basalt volcanism in India. Here, we synthesize records of the global stratigraphy(More)
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) may be induced by estrogen in estrogen responsive systems and can contribute to the growth-modulatory effects of this hormone. To test whether TGFalpha contributes to estrogen-regulated growth in ovarian cancers, we have compared the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) and TGFalpha in a range of ovarian carcinoma(More)
The modulating effects of the orally active epidermal growth factor receptor-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor ZD 1839 ("Iressa") on cell growth and signalling were evaluated in four ovarian cancer cell lines (PE01, PE04, SKOV-3, OVCAR-5) that express the epidermal growth factor receptor, and in A2780, which is epidermal growth factor receptor-negative.(More)
5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) is a nucleoside analogue with cytotoxic and DNA demethylating effects. Here we show that 5-aza-dC induces the proteasomal degradation of free (non-chromatin bound) DNMT1 through a mechanism which is dependent on DNA synthesis and the targeting of incorporated 5-aza-dC residues by DNMT1 itself. Thus, 5-aza-dC induces Dnmt1(More)
Differential expression of estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) cofactors has been implicated in endocrine resistance in breast cancer. Using a three-stage MCF-7 cell-based model that emulates the clinical manifestation of acquired endocrine resistant breast cancer we now show, using a combination of chromatin immunoprecipitation and RNA interference, that(More)
Immunohistochemical expression of erbB4 protein was identified in 93% (49 of 53) of ovarian cancers using the HFR-1 antibody (targeted to the cytoplasmic domain of the erbB4 receptor) and in 89% (47 of 53) of ovarian cancers using the H4.77.16 antibody (targeted to the extracellular domain). Tumors of serous histology were more likely to express a higher(More)
BRAF and MEK inhibitors are effective in BRAF mutant melanoma, but most patients eventually relapse with acquired resistance, and others present intrinsic resistance to these drugs. Resistance is often mediated by pathway reactivation through receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)/SRC-family kinase (SFK) signaling or mutant NRAS, which drive paradoxical(More)
An erythroid-specific nuclear protein factor binds to a sequence motif (GATAAG) which is present in the promoter region of the mouse alpha and beta major globin genes, and in the erythroid-specific promoter of the human porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG-D) gene. The protein activity is conserved across species, being found in mouse erythroleukaemia (MEL)(More)
Estrogens play a significant role in the development, growth, invasion and metastasis of ovarian tumors. The transcriptional program regulated by 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) in human ovarian cancer cell lines was analyzed using cDNA microarrays containing 1200 cancer-related genes. Twenty-eight transcripts had at least a threefold change in expression in(More)