Kenneth Maclean

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This study assessed social behavior in a mouse model of Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the Fmr1 (tm1Cgr) or Fmr1 "knockout" (KO) mouse. Both the KO and wild-type (WT) mice preferred to be near a novel conspecific than to be alone. However, during the initial interaction with a novel conspecific, (1) a greater proportion of the KO mice exhibited high levels of(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), condensing homocysteine and serine, represents a key regulatory point in the biosynthesis of cysteine via the transsulfuration pathway. Inherited deficiency of CBS causes homocystinuria. CBS is activated by S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) by inducing a conformational change involving a noncatalytic C-terminal region(More)
Patients with nonketotic hyperglycinemia and deficient glycine cleavage enzyme activity, but without mutations in AMT, GLDC or GCSH, the genes encoding its constituent proteins, constitute a clinical group which we call 'variant nonketotic hyperglycinemia'. We hypothesize that in some patients the aetiology involves genetic mutations that result in a(More)
In addition to mental retardation, individuals with Down syndrome (DS) also develop the neuropathological changes typical of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the majority of these individuals exhibit dementia. The Ts65Dn mouse model of DS exhibits key features of these disorders, including early degeneration of cholinergic basal forebrain (CBF) neurons and(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) catalyzes the condensation of serine with homocysteine to form cystathionine and occupies a crucial regulatory position between the methionine cycle and transsulfuration. The human cystathionine beta-synthase gene promoters -1a and -1b are expressed in a limited number of tissues and are coordinately regulated with(More)
Deletion of distal 6p is associated with a distinctive clinical phenotype including Axenfeld-Rieger malformation, hearing loss, congenital heart disease, dental anomalies, developmental delay, and a characteristic facial appearance. We report the case of a child where recognition of the specific ocular and facial phenotype, led to identification of a 6p(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) is a crucial regulator of plasma levels of the thrombogenic amino acid homocysteine (Hcy). Homocystinuria due to CBS deficiency confers a dramatically increased risk of thrombosis. Early diagnosis usually occurs after the observation of ectopia lentis, mental retardation, or characteristic skeletal abnormalities.(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase [CBS; l-serine hydro-lyase (adding homocysteine), EC 4.2.1.22] catalyzes the first committed step of transsulfuration and is the enzyme deficient in classical homocystinuria. In this report, we describe the molecular cloning and the complete nucleotide sequence of the human CBS gene. We report a total of 28,046 nucleotides of(More)
UNLABELLED Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by steatosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. To investigate whether the transcription factor CCAAT/Enhancer binding protein (C/EBPbeta) is involved in the development of NASH, C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) or C/EBPbeta knockout (C/EBPbeta-/-) mice were fed either a methionine and choline(More)
Homocysteine metabolism is altered in diabetic patients. Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), a key enzyme involved in the transsulfuration pathway, which irreversibly converts homocysteine to cysteine, catalyzes the condensation of serine and homocysteine to cystathionine. Studies in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats have shown that CBS enzyme activity is(More)