Kenneth M. Stein

Learn More
Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis uses variations in heart rate to assess activity of the autonomic nervous system. Ectopic beats can affect HRV by introducing mathematical artifact into the computations of time- and frequency-domain measures. Exclusion of ectopy-containing segments of data from analysis has been used to correct for ectopy, but this(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms underlying paroxysmal atrial flutter/atrial fibrillation initiation by ectopic foci from various locations are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We used parallel computational techniques to study an anatomically accurate 3-dimensional atrial structure incorporating a detailed ionic-current model of an atrial myocyte. At the(More)
Nonlinear-dynamical control techniques, also known as chaos control, have been used with great success to control a wide range of physical systems. Such techniques have been used to control the behavior of in vitro excitable biological tissue, suggesting their potential for clinical utility. However, the feasibility of using such techniques to control(More)
AIMS Left atrial appendage closure is a non-pharmacological alternative for stroke prevention in high-risk patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. The objective of the multicentre EWOLUTION registry was to obtain clinical data on procedural success and complications, and long-term patient outcomes, including bleeding and incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Defibrillation testing by induction and termination of ventricular fibrillation is widely done at the time of implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of ICD implantation without defibrillation testing versus the standard of ICD implantation with defibrillation testing. METHODS(More)
AIM The neural cardiac therapy for heart failure (NECTAR-HF) was a randomized sham-controlled trial designed to evaluate whether a single dose of vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) would attenuate cardiac remodelling, improve cardiac function and increase exercise capacity in symptomatic heart failure patients with severe left ventricular (LV) systolic(More)
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) is characterized by two predominant forms. The most common form originates from the right ventricular outflow tract and presents as repetitive monomorphic VT or exercise-induced VT. The tachycardia is adenosine sensitive and is thought to be because of cAMP-mediated triggered activity. The other major form of(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) technology now permit three-dimensional cardiac imaging with high spatial and temporal resolution. Historically, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been the gold standard for assessment of the left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with atrial fibrillation and other atrial arrhythmias.(More)
BACKGROUND Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy caused by ventricular tachycardia is a well-defined clinical entity. Less well appreciated is whether simple ventricular ectopy can result in cardiomyopathy. We sought to examine a potential causal relationship between repetitive monomorphic ventricular ectopy originating from the right ventricular outflow tract(More)
BACKGROUND CVT-510, N-(3(R)-tetrahydrofuranyl)-6-aminopurine riboside, is a selective A(1)-adenosine receptor agonist with potential potent antiarrhythmic effects in tachycardias involving the atrioventricular (AV) node. This study, the first in humans, was designed to determine the effects of CVT-510 on AV nodal conduction and hemodynamics. METHODS AND(More)