Learn More
Outlier detection has received significant attention in many applications, such as detecting credit card fraud or network intrusions. Most existing research focuses on numerical datasets, and cannot directly apply to categorical sets where there is little sense in calculating distances among data points. Furthermore, a number of outlier detection methods(More)
LacZ reporter gene constructs were used to analyze the murine retinoic acid receptor beta (mRAR beta) gene promoter in transgenic mice. LacZ expression in transgenic mouse embryos with 250 bp of promoter sequences closely parallels that of RAR beta between embryonic days 8.5 and 12.5. This indicates that the -1 to -250 promoter region contains most(More)
Tetanus toxin is a powerful neurotoxin known to inhibit neurotransmitter release. The tetanus toxin light chain is a metalloprotease that cleaves some members of the synaptobrevin gene family with high specificity. Here, we report the expression of a synthetic gene encoding the tetanus toxin light chain in the seminiferous epithelium of transgenic mice.(More)
The tachykinin neuropeptides, substance P and substance K, are produced in nociceptive primary sensory neurons and in many brain regions involved in pain signaling. However, the precise role and importance of these neuropeptides in pain responses has been debated. We now show that mice that cannot produce these peptides display no significant pain responses(More)
Multipotential stem cells throughout the developing central nervous system have common properties. Among these is expression of the intermediate filament protein nestin and the brain fatty acid binding protein (B-FABP). To determine if common mechanisms control transcription in CNS stem cells, the regulatory elements of these two genes were mapped in(More)
Regulation of mRNA translation and stability plays an important role in the control of gene expression during embryonic development. We have recently shown that the tissue-specific expression of the RAR beta 2 gene in mouse embryos is regulated at the translational level by short upstream open reading frames (uORFs) In the 5'-untranslated region (Zimmer,(More)
The 40-S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes binds to the capped 5'-end of mRNA and scans for the first AUG in a favorable sequence context to initiate translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs therefore have a short 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) and no AUGs upstream of the translational start site; features that seem to assure efficient translation. However,(More)
Mammary mucins are increased in amounts in breast cancer patient sera, and most anti-breast cancer antibodies react with such mucins. One such mucin is found in human milk fat globule membrane and consists predominantly of O-linked sugars and a protein core. Partial complementary DNA clones for the protein core have recently been obtained. The nucleotide(More)
Money laundering enforcement operations in the USA and abroad have developed in the past decade from the simple use of informant information to the sophisticated analysis of voluminous, complex financial transaction arrays. Traditional investigative techniques aimed at uncovering patterns consume numerous man-hours. The volume of these records and the(More)
Monoclonal anti-mucine antibodies BC1, BC2 and BC3 produced using human milk fat globule membrane react with a synthetic peptide p1-24 (PDTRPAPGSTAPPAHGVTSAPDTR) representing the repeating amino acid sequence of the mucin core protein. The minimum epitope recognized by these three monoclonal antibodies (mAb) in p1-24 was contained in the five amino acids(More)