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BACKGROUND To improve and standardize the sideline evaluation of sports-related concussion, the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) was developed. This tool assesses concussion-related signs and symptoms, cognition, balance, and coordination. This newly published assessment tool has not established representative baseline data on adolescent athletes.(More)
Evidence-based practice is an established guiding principle in most medical and health care disciplines. Central to establishing evidence-based practice is the assessment of clinical outcomes. Clinical outcomes represent a form of evidence on which to base medical decisions, as well as providing the mechanism for assessing the effectiveness of(More)
CONTEXT Electrical stimulation is often used to control edema formation after acute injury. However, it is unknown whether its theoretical benefits translate to benefits in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES To systematically review the basic-science literature regarding the effects of high-voltage pulsed stimulation (HVPS) for edema control. EVIDENCE(More)
CONTEXT Increased rates of sport participation and sport-related injury have led to greater emphasis on and attention to medical care of student-athletes in the secondary school setting. Access to athletic training services is seen as a critical factor for delivering adequate injury prevention and medical care to student-athletes. However, few data are(More)
CONTEXT Athletic training services such as taping, wrapping, and stretching are common during routine care but rarely captured in traditional patient documentation. These clinical data are vital when determining appropriate medical coverage and demonstrating the value and worth of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE To analyze clinical data from daily(More)
BACKGROUND The inclusion of clinical practice factors, beyond epidemiologic data, may help guide medical coverage and care decisions. HYPOTHESIS Trends in injury and treatment characteristics of sport-specific injuries sustained by secondary school athletes will differ based on sport. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of electronic patient records. (More)
CONTEXT Postural control plays an essential role in concussion evaluation. The Stability Evaluation Test (SET) aims to objectively analyze postural control by measuring sway velocity on the NeuroCom's VSR portable force platform (Natus, San Carlos, CA). OBJECTIVE To assess the test-retest reliability and practice effects of the SET protocol. DESIGN(More)
CONTEXT   Patient-rated outcome measures (PROMs) capture changes that are important and meaningful to patients, such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Although group differences in HRQOL have been reported, little is known about the effect of injury history on HRQOL in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE   To determine whether knee-specific function(More)
CONTEXT Normative scores for patient-rated outcome (PRO) instruments are important for providing patient-centered, whole-person care and making informed clinical decisions. Although normative values for the Pediatric Quality of Life Generic Core Scale (PedsQL) have been established in the general, healthy adolescent population, whether adolescent athletes(More)
BACKGROUND Effective use of patient-rated outcome measures to facilitate optimal patient care requires an understanding of the reference values of these measures within the population of interest. Little is known about reference values for commonly used patient-rated outcome measures in adolescent athletes. PURPOSE To determine reference values for the(More)