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This study aims to provide a picture of how relationship quality can influence customer loyalty or loyalty in the business-to-business context. Building on prior research, we propose relationship quality as a higher construct comprising trust, commitment, satisfaction and service quality. These dimensions of relationship quality can reasonably explain the(More)
This articles examines the role of computer-mediated communication as well as broader interpretations of communication in Web-based instruction. Overviews of cognitive processing and cognitive constructivist paradigms are presented to illustrate their relevance for guiding development of Web-based courses. Instructional goals and communication strategies(More)
Working in Afghanistan's capital city of Kabul, the authors assessed the relative contribution of daily stressors and war-related experiences of violence and loss to levels of depression, PTSD, impaired functioning, and a culturally specific measure of general psychological distress. For women, daily stressors were a better predictor than war experiences of(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is instrumental in removing DNA lesions caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation, the dominant risk factor for keratinocyte carcinoma, including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We evaluated whether BCC or SCC risk was influenced by the A23G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in Xeroderma(More)
Electrical stimulation of vagal afferents or cardiopulmonary sympathetic afferent fibers excites C(1)--C(2) spinal neurons. The purposes of this study were to compare the responses of superficial (depth <0.35 mm) and deeper C(1)--C(2) spinal neurons to noxious chemical stimulation of cardiac afferents and determine the relative contribution of vagal and(More)
This article describes a methodology for developing culturally grounded assessment measures in conflict and postconflict situations. A mixed-method design was used in Kabul, Afghanistan, to identify local indicators of distress and develop the 22-item Afghan Symptom Checklist (ASCL). The ASCL contains several indigenous items and items familiar to Western(More)
The spinal cord contains mu, delta and kappa opioid receptors which mediate the antinociceptive effects of opioid agonists administered onto the spinal cord. In this study, we characterized the binding sites for highly-selective mu, delta and kappa opioid radioligands and quantified the distribution of opioid binding sites in rat lumbosacral spinal cord(More)
We have shown that stimulation of cardiopulmonary sympathetic afferent fibers activates relays in upper cervical segments to suppress activity of lumbosacral spinal cells. The purpose of this study was to determine if chemical excitation (glutamate) of upper cervical cell bodies changes the spontaneous activity and evoked responses of lumbosacral spinal(More)
A double-peroxidase procedure was used to study the ultrastructural relationships between terminals and fibers containing three putative neurotransmitters and retrogradely identified sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) located in the intermediolateral cell column (IML) of the rat. SPNs with axons in the cervical sympathetic trunk were retrogradely(More)
Recent world events have increased concern that hospitals must be prepared for radiological emergencies. Emergency departments (EDs) must be ready to treat patients suffering from injuries in combination with radiation exposure or contamination with radioactive material. Every hospital should have a Radiological Emergency Medical Response Plan, tested(More)