Kenneth L. Lichstein

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STUDY OBJECTIVES To present expert consensus recommendations for a standard set of research assessments in insomnia, reporting standards for these assessments, and recommendations for future research. PARTICIPANTS N/A. INTERVENTIONS N/A. METHODS AND RESULTS An expert panel of 25 researchers reviewed the available literature on insomnia research(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Actigraphy, a method of inferring sleep from the presence or absence of wrist movement, has been well validated against polysomnography in trials with people without insomnia. However, the small amount of literature on validation with insomniacs has revealed an actigraphy bias toward overscoring sleep. The current validation trial with(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES This study used empirically validated insomnia diagnostic criteria to compare depression and anxiety in people with insomnia and people not having insomnia. We also explored which specific sleep variables were significantly related to depression and anxiety. Finally, we compared depression and anxiety in (1) different insomnia types, (2)(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To present an expert consensus, standardized, patient-informed sleep diary. METHODS AND RESULTS Sleep diaries from the original expert panel of 25 attendees of the Pittsburgh Assessment Conference(1) were collected and reviewed. A smaller subset of experts formed a committee and reviewed the compiled diaries. Items deemed essential were(More)
BACKGROUND Recognition that psychological and behavioral factors play an important role in insomnia has led to increased interest in therapies targeting these factors. A review paper published in 1999 summarized the evidence regarding the efficacy of psychological and behavioral treatments for persistent insomnia. The present review provides an update of(More)
Formal diagnostic systems (DSM-IV, ICSD, and ICD-10) do not provide adequate quantitative criteria to diagnose insomnia. This may not present a serious problem in clinical settings where extensive interviews determine the need for clinical management. However, lack of standard criteria introduce disruptive variability into the insomnia research domain. The(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Determine the comorbidity of insomnia with medical problems. DESIGN Cross-sectional and retrospective. PARTICIPANTS Community-based population of 772 men and women, aged 20 to 98 years old. MEASUREMENTS Self-report measures of sleep, health, depression, and anxiety. RESULTS People with chronic insomnia reported more of the following(More)
Researchers have not thoroughly assessed the sleep of African Americans (AAs) despite the recent increased attention to ethnic research. This article reviews the sleep and epidemiological literatures to assess AA sleep. Although the limited data were sometimes inconsistent, they suggest that AAs sleep worse than Caucasian Americans. AAs take longer to fall(More)
We compared day time functioning in college students with and without insomnia and explored changes in day time functioning after progressive relaxation (PR) treatment for insomnia. Students with insomnia (SWI; n = 57) were compared to a control group of students not complaining of insomnia (SNI; n = 61) on self-reported sleep variables and five(More)
Meta-analyses and other previous reviews have identified distinct ethnic/racial differences in the quantity, quality, and propensity for sleep disorders between black and white adults. The present article reviews the meta-analytic evidence along with recent epidemiological, community, and clinical studies to clarify what is known and not known about sleep(More)