Kenneth L. Kaiser

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Interest in the prediction of toxicity without the use of experimental data is growing, and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) methods are valuable for such predictions. A QSAR study of acute aqueous toxicity of 375 diverse organic compounds has been developed using only calculated structural features as independent variables. Toxicity is(More)
The acute toxicities of 267 compounds to six aquatic and one terrestrial species were investigated with correlation, principal component and cluster analysis techniques for relationships with each other and with the compounds' octanol/water partition coefficient. Selection of the investigated chemicals was based on the availability of at least three of the(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (Aroclor 1221, 1242 and 1254) at concentrations up to 0.1% in glucose did not inhibit the growth of lake water bacteria. The bacteria used Aroclor 1221 and 1242 but not 1254 as sole carbon and energy sources for growth. Less than 1% of lake water bacteria, however, possess this ability. Seven bacterial isolates from Aroclor agar(More)
Linear relationships of the median lethal concentrations of several hundreds of chemicals for a variety of organisms with Vibrio fischeri median effective concentrations are investigated. Significant correlations can be developed for many aquatic species including the fishes fathead minnow, bluegill, catfish, goldfish, goldorfe, guppy, killifish, rainbow(More)
A quantitative structure toxicity relationship (QSTR) has been derived for a diverse set of 448 industrially important aromatic solvents. Toxicity was expressed as the 50% growth impairment concentration (ICG(50)) for the ciliated protozoa Tetrahymena and spans the range -1.46 to 3.36 log units. Molecular descriptors that encode topological, geometrical,(More)
The relative importance of migrating eels and suspended particulate material (biotic and abiotic) as transporters of mirex from Lake Ontario to the St. Lawrence River Estuary is evaluated in the context of a possible adverse impact on the St. Lawrence beluga population. Our estimates suggest that transport of mirex out of Lake Ontario by eels (2270 g(More)
The limited usefulness of the maximum power transfer theorem in practice is argued. Inappropriately, the utility and value of the maximum power transfer theorem are often elevated to be religious icons of electrical engineering. While the theorem appears to be useful, often in real circuits the load impedance is not set equal to the complex conjugate of the(More)