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On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10(-21). It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the(More)
Eight nitropolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including 1- and 4-nitropyrene, 1,3-, 1,6- and 1,8-dinitropyrene, 7-nitrobenz[a]anthracene, 6-nitrochrysene and 6-nitrobenzo-[a]pyrene and their parent PAHs were tested fro tumorigenicity in the newborn mouse model by i.p. administration at 1, 8, and 15 days after birth. Both pyrene and 1-nitropyrene(More)
Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated by gastric intubation either 1, 2, 3, or 4 times at biweekly intervals with 10-mg/kg doses of the hepatocarcinogen of N-[ring-3H]-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. Then either 1 or 14 days following the last treatment, the concentrations of 2-aminofluorene and 2-acetylaminofluorene adducts in liver and kidney(More)
The human urinary bladder carcinogen, 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP), is known to undergo hepatic metabolism to an N-hydroxy arylamine and its corresponding N-glucuronide. It has been proposed that these metabolites are both transported through the blood via renal filtration to the urinary bladder lumen where acidic pH can facilitate the hydrolysis of the(More)
We report the observation of a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The signal, GW151226, was observed by the twin detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) on December 26, 2015 at 03:38:53 UTC. The signal was initially identified within 70 s by an online matched-filter(More)
A search for periodic gravitational waves, from sources such as isolated rapidly spinning neutron stars, was carried out using 510 h of data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4). The search was for quasimonochromatic waves in the frequency range from 50 to 1500 Hz, with a linear frequency drift _ f (measured at the solar system barycenter) in the range Àf=(More)
Fumonisin B1 is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium moniliforme, a fungus that infects corn and other grains in the U.S. Fumonisin ingestion causes a variety of effects including equine leukoencephalomalacia and porcine pulmonary edema, and has been associated epidemiologically with human esophageal cancer. Fumonisin B1 produces growth inhibition and increased(More)
The carcinogen, 2-naphthylamine (2-NA), induces tumor formation in the urinary bladder but not the liver of several species, including humans and dogs. Since its proximate carcinogenic metabolite, N-hydroxy-2-NA, was known to react directly with DNA in vitro to give specific carcinogen-base adducts, we investigated the in vivo formation and persistence of(More)
The N-hydroxy derivatives of 1- and 2-naphthylamine (NA) are directly carcinogenic at sites of application. In this study, the carcinogenicity of these two compounds at s.c. injection sites was compared with their relative rates of absorption, with the extent and persistence of their binding to protein, RNA, and DNA in the skin-subcutis, and with acute(More)
The presence of relatively high levels of prostaglandin H synthase (PHS) in the dog urinary bladder and its ability to mediate the activation of carcinogenic arylamines to DNA-bound products in vitro suggests the involvement of this enzyme in arylamine-induced bladder carcinogenesis. Since the PHS-dependent metabolism of 2-naphthylamine (2-NA) had been(More)