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 Glycoalkaloids are quantitatively inherited in Solanum, and in high concentrations they can be toxic to humans. The increased use of wild potato germplasm to improve the pest resistance, yield, and quality characteristics of cultivated potato may elevate or introduce new, more toxic glycoalkaloids into the cultivated gene pool. Therefore, it is important(More)
ABSTRACT Dramatic changes occurred within populations of Phytophthora infestans in the United States and Canada from 1994 through 1996. Occurrence of the US-8 genotype, detected rarely during 1992 and 1993, increased rapidly and predominated in most regions during 1994 through 1996. US-7, which infected both potato and tomato and made up almost 50% of the(More)
Pest and pathogen losses jeopardise global food security and ever since the 19(th) century Irish famine, potato late blight has exemplified this threat. The causal oomycete pathogen, Phytophthora infestans, undergoes major population shifts in agricultural systems via the successive emergence and migration of asexual lineages. The phenotypic and genotypic(More)
Peroxidases catalyze many reactions, the most common being the utilization of H2O2 to oxidize numerous substrates (peroxidative mode). Peroxidases have also been proposed to produce H2O2 via utilization of NAD(P)H, thus providing oxidant either for the first step of lignification or for the "oxidative burst" associated with plant-pathogen interactions. The(More)
Isolates of Phytophthora infestans were obtained from late blighted plants from several potato-growing regions of Uruguay in 1998 and 1999. Of these, 25 representative isolates (4 from 1998, 21 from 1999) from the main potato-growing areas of the country, were characterised in terms of mating type, metalaxyl resistance, allozyme genotype, mitochondrial(More)
Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) has been used frequently as a specific inhibitor of NADH oxidase activity in studies of plant/pathogen interactions. The present study reports the effect of DPI on the pseudo-oxidative activity of horseradish peroxidase. DPI, like other phenolics, is able to catalytically stimulate NADH oxidation in the presence of exogenous H2O2.(More)
Twenty-one homologs of family 5 endo-(1–4)-β-glucanase genes (EGLs) were identified and characterized in the oomycete plant pathogens Phytophthora infestans, P. sojae, and P. ramorum, providing the first comprehensive analysis of this family in Phytophthora. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that these genes constitute a unique eukaryotic group, with closest(More)
Leptine I, a glycoalkaloid only known to occur in the foliage of the wild potato species Solanum chacoense (Bitt.), is a potent feeding deterrent to the economically serious insect pest, the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say). In order to demonstrate, systematically, the effectiveness of leptine I, incorporation into synthetic beetle(More)
A clone, 8380-1, selected fromSolanum chacoense (PI 458310) for its high foliage content of the leptine glycoalkaloids, a factor in resistance to Colorado potato beetle, was doubled in chromosome number from 2n=2x=24 to 2n=4x=48. Three 4x clones were crossed with sixS. tuberosum (4x) clones. Foliage glycoalkaloid contents were measured for 452 F1 hybrids(More)
In this study, acetosyringone was identified as one of the major extracellular phenolics in tobacco suspension cells and was shown to have bioactive properties that influence early events in plant-bacterial pathogenesis. In our model system, tobacco cell suspensions treated with bacterial isolate Pseudomonas syringae WT (HR+) undergo a resistant interaction(More)