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In order to minimize odor and manage nutrients in liquid pig manure we need to be able to predict what operational practices most influence the concentrations of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), ammonium nitrogen (NH(4)(+)-N), and other nutrients present in the manure. To determine this, we collected manure from 15 pig operations in southwestern Ontario in the(More)
ABSTRACT In previous studies, liquid swine manure (LSM) was sometimes shown to reduce Verticillium wilt of potato caused by Verticillium dahliae. We also observed that microsclerotia of this fungus died within 1 day, or between 3 and 6 weeks, after addition of LSM to some acid soils and within 1 week in some alkaline soils. In this study, we demonstrated(More)
Abstract This study investigated strain-dependent variability in Escherichia coli survival in soil, and strain-dependent responses to variations in some soil conditions. Collections of E. coli were isolated from swine manure slurry, and from manured soil following 6 days of incubation in the laboratory. The bacteria were fingerprinted by enterobacterial(More)
The potential exists for natural or synthetic hormonal chemicals present in agricultural fertilizers to be transferred to adjacent aquatic environments in order to alter endocrine function in exposed wildlife. Recombinant yeast and mammalian cell line (BG1Luc4E2) assays were used to screen crude organic extracts of municipal biosolids and animal manures for(More)
Manures and by-products derived from the processing of plants and animals have been used for centuries as sources of fertiliser, but beneficial or detrimental effects on plant diseases were never thoroughly investigated. We found that certain organic amendments controlled a variety of soilborne diseases of potato (including common scab and verticillium(More)
ABSTRACT In order to determine possible relationships between geocaulosphere soil properties and severity of common scab of potato caused by Streptomyces scabies, soils were collected from representative commercial potato fields in Canada: in Simcoe and Dufferin Counties, Ontario and across Prince Edward Island (PEI) in August 2004. Soils immediately(More)
Burkholderia sp. strain PsJN stimulates root growth of potato explants compared to uninoculated controls under gnotobiotic conditions. In order to determine the mechanism by which this growth stimulation occurs, we used Tn5 mutagenesis to produce a mutant, H41, which exhibited no growth-promoting activity but was able to colonize potato plants as well as(More)
ABSTRACT Liquid swine manure added to acidic soils killed microsclerotia of the wilt fungus Verticillium dahliae. We investigated whether volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in the manure were responsible for this toxicity. The survival of microsclerotia was determined after exposure to various dilutions of manure or its VFA components. Acetic, propionic, and(More)
Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz was significantly more resistant to Rhizoctonia solani Kühn than [itBrassica napus L. cv Westar. Emergence of C. sativa seedlings was 22 to 33% greater than those of Westar in R. solani-infested soil. The greater resistance of C. sativa seedlings to R. solani appeared to be due to greater amounts of antimicrobial compounds(More)
Conflicting views regarding synthetic pesticides include the successful use as pest management tools for agriculture and forestry on one hand and the threats to components in the environment. Likewise, the residues from agriculture and forestry create a waste disposal problem, but are a potential bio-resource to be profited from. This abundant biomass can(More)