Kenneth J Taub

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Patients with progressive renal insufficiency (PRI) who start renal replacement therapy (RRT) within 4 months of seeing a nephrologist (late referral) have increased morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. We performed an economic evaluation of early versus late referral of patients with PRI to a multidisciplinary clinic. A decision analysis was(More)
Investigated the degree to which chronic, life-threatening illness and its treatment interfere with continued involvements in valued activities and interests--that is, illness intrusiveness--and its impact on quality of life in end-stage renal disease. Data were collected on two occasions separated by a lag of 6 weeks. Mixed analyses of variance indicated(More)
Cardiovascular disease is common among dialysis patients, but much less is known regarding non-dialysis-dependent renal insufficiency (NDDRI) and its association with cardiac disease. We undertook a study to assess the impact of renal insufficiency on survival post-coronary angiography by comparing three groups of patients: dialysis-dependent patients,(More)
The Southern Alberta Renal Program (SARP) database was developed to respond to an urgent need for local information on clinical outcomes, laboratory information, and health care costs, and to enable our local renal program to monitor the implementation of established clinical practice guidelines. The database captures detailed demographic, clinical, and(More)
Several psychosocial variables were investigated as predictors of 4-year survival in a sample of 97 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing treatment by hemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, or renal transplantation. Hypothesized psychosocial predictors included depression, mood disturbance, life happiness, affect, pessimism,(More)
BACKGROUND Predialysis psychoeducational interventions increase patient knowledge about chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its treatment and extend time to dialysis therapy without compromising physical well-being in the short run. The present research examines long-term survival after predialysis psychoeducational intervention. In addition, we examined(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have significant impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In part, this is due to the intrusiveness of the treatment (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) that is required. It is unclear whether hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is associated with a higher HRQOL. METHODS 192 prevalent(More)
Examining international differences in health outcomes for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients requires an understanding of ESRD funding structures. In Canada, funding for all aspects of dialysis and transplant care, with the exception of drugs (for which supplementary insurance can be purchased), is provided for all citizens. Although ESRD programs(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Early identification and predialysis psychoeducation are gaining acceptance. Although research supports the immediate value of predialysis interventions, long-term benefits remain unknown. We examined long-term knowledge retention following a psychoeducational intervention. METHODS 47 progressive renal failure patients completed the Kidney(More)
We assessed the role of the renin-angiotensin system in the response of the renal circulation to restriction of sodium intake in 38 normal patients. Both saralasin (10 to 30 ng/kg/min), an angiotensin antagonist, and SQ 20881 (30 to 300microgram/kg), a converting enzyme inhibitor, induced a dose-related increase in renal blood flow (xenon 133 washout) only(More)