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The objective of this study was to estimate direct and indirect selection potential for length of productive life and lifetime prolificacy in Finnish Large White and Landrace swine populations. To study the direct selection potential, the heritabilities of these traits were estimated. The genetic correlations of length of productive life and lifetime(More)
An experiment was conducted with laying hens to determine the AME(n) value of crude glycerol, a coproduct of biodiesel production. Crude glycerol (87% glycerol, 9% water, 0.03% methanol, 1.26% Na, and 3,625 kcal/kg of gross energy) was obtained from a commercial biodiesel production facility (Ag Processing Inc., Sergeant Bluff, IA). A total of forty-eight(More)
An evaluation of porcine longissimus myoglobin concentration was conducted to determine breed and gender differences for myoglobin content, estimate genetic parameters for myoglobin concentration, and determine the relationship between myoglobin content and objective measures of muscle color. Data from centrally tested (n = 255), purebred Yorkshire (42),(More)
The objective of this project was to determine the contribution of lipid content to textural and sensory properties of fresh pork within defined pH classifications. Pigs (n = 1,535; from 248 sires and 836 dams) from the 1991, 1992, and 1994 National Barrow Show Sire Progeny Test were used in this study. The test included purebred Berkshire (107), Chester(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic associations for gilt growth, compositional, and structural soundness with sow longevity and lifetime reproduction. Performance and pedigree information from 1,447 commercial females from 2 genetic lines were included in the data analyzed. Growth was expressed as days to 113.5 kg BW (DAYS) and(More)
Sow longevity plays an important role in economically efficient piglet production because sow longevity is related to the number of piglets produced during its productive lifetime; however, selection for sow longevity is not commonly practiced in any pig breeding program. There is relatively little scientific literature concerning the genetic parameters(More)
BACKGROUND The recent completion of the swine genome sequencing project and development of a high density porcine SNP array has made genome-wide association (GWA) studies feasible in pigs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using Illumina's PorcineSNP60 BeadChip, we performed a pilot GWA study in 820 commercial female pigs phenotyped for backfat, loin muscle(More)
Identification and culling of replacement gilts with poor skeletal conformation and feet and leg (FL) unsoundness is an approach used to reduce sow culling and mortality rates in breeding stock. Few candidate genes related to soundness traits have been identified in the pig. In this study, 2066 commercial females were scored for 17 traits describing body(More)
Pigs have undergone long-term selection in commercial conditions for improved rate and efficiency of lean gain. Interestingly, it has been observed in both experimental and field conditions that leg weakness has increased over time, concurrent with the selection for improved rate of lean gain, while fatter animals tend to have better leg action, and foot(More)
The purpose of the current study was to determine if the parity of the litter in which a female was born and the number of pigs within that same litter are associated with future length of productive life (LPL). An additional objective of the study was to examine the associations of leg conformation (evaluated at approx. 100 kg of live weight), age at first(More)