Kenneth J Ottenbacher

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OBJECTIVE To determine by meta-analysis whether physical exercises are beneficial for people with dementia and related cognitive impairments. DATA SOURCES Published articles and nonpublished manuscripts from 1970 to 2003 were identified by using electronic and manual searches. Key search words included exercise, rehabilitation, activities of daily living,(More)
The community integration questionnaire (CIQ) was designed to assess home integration, social integration and productive activity in persons with acquired brain injury. The instrument consists of 15 items and can be completed by self report or with the assistance of a family member or caregiver familiar with the person's health status and social activities.(More)
OBJECTIVE The reliability of the Functional Independence Measure (FIMSM) for adults was examined using procedures of meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Eleven published studies reporting estimates of reliability for the FIM were located using computer searches of Index Medicus, Psychological Abstracts, the Functional Assessment Information Service, and citation(More)
OBJECTIVE The analysis presented here evaluated the psychometric properties of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) as a summated rating scale within context of the 20 impairment categories of the FIM-Function Related Group (FIM-FRG) system. DESIGN This study involved a cross-sectional analysis of patient records, utilizing factor analysis and(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify sociodemographic characteristics and health performance variables associated with frailty in older Mexican Americans. DESIGN A prospective population-based survey. SETTING Homes of older adults living in the southwest. PARTICIPANTS Six hundred twenty-one noninstitutionalized Mexican-American men and women aged 70 and older(More)
BACKGROUND Hip fracture in older adults is a significant medical, social, and economic concern to society. Little is known regarding diabetes as a risk factor for hip fracture in the Mexican American population. The objective of this study was to examine diabetes and other potential risk factors for hip fracture in a sample of community-dwelling, older,(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association between frailty status and change in cognitive function over time in older Mexican Americans. DESIGN Data used were from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. SETTING Five southwestern states: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and California. PARTICIPANTS One(More)
As the number of single-subject research reports in the occupational therapy literature increases, the reliability of clinical decisions made from single-subject data must be determined. This study examined the ability of occupational therapists to reliably and accurately analyze data from single-subject designs using visual inspection of graphed data.(More)
Trends in Androgen Prescribing in theUnited States, 2001 to 2011 Although commercial sales of androgen replacement therapy (ART) have increased substantially in recent years,1,2 to our knowledge,nonational population-based studiesof this treatment have been reported. In view of the conflicting evidence on the risks and benefits of ART,3-7 understanding(More)