Kenneth J. Johnston

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We have measured power spectra of atmospheric phase fluctuations with the Mark III stellar interferometer on Mt. Wilson under a wide variety of seeing conditions. On almost all nights, the high-frequency portions of the temporal power spectra closely follow the form predicted by the standard Kolmogorov-Tatarski model. At lower frequencies, a variety of(More)
This study investigates the use of a mineral processing by-product, neutralized used acid (NUA), primarily composed of gypsum and Fe-oxyhydroxide, as a soil amendment. A 1489-d turf farm field trial assessed nutrient, trace element, and radionuclide mobility of a soil amended with ∼5% by mass to a depth of 15 cm of NUA. Average PO-P fluxes collected as(More)
HIV-1 replication requires limited proteolysis of gag and gag-pol encoded precursor proteins by a specific viral proteinase (PR). Sequences of 20 different HIV-1 strains were compared in order to determine regions of conservation and variability within the PR gene. Viral strains included: (a) five new ones derived from New Orleans patient isolates, (b) four(More)
The discovery of extrasolar planets is one of the greatest achievements of modern astronomy. The detection of planets that vary widely in mass demonstrates that extrasolar planets of low mass exist. In this paper, we describe a mission, called Darwin, whose primary goal is the search for, and characterization of, terrestrial extrasolar planets and the(More)
Epstein-Barr Nuclear Antigen 1 (EBNA1) is essential for Epstein-Barr virus to immortalize naïve B-cells. Upon binding a cluster of 20 cognate binding-sites termed the family of repeats, EBNA1 transactivates promoters for EBV genes that are required for immortalization. A small domain, termed UR1, that is 25 amino-acids in length, has been identified(More)
Vega, the second brightest star in the northern hemisphere, serves as a primary spectral type standard. Although its spectrum is dominated by broad hydrogen lines, the narrower lines of the heavy elements suggested slow to moderate rotation, giving confidence that the ground-based calibration of its visible spectrum could be safely extrapolated into the(More)
This paper describes a simultaneous-coupling azo dye method for the measurement of esterase activity using the histochemical substrate, alpha-naphthyl acetate. By the choice of two diazonium salts with optimal coupling characteristics, the reaction can be carried out at any pH between 3.0 and 9.5. The azo dye is maintained in solution for spectrophotometric(More)
Precision astrometry at microarcsecond accuracy has application to a wide range of astrophysical problems. This paper is a study of the science questions that can be addressed using an instrument with flexible scheduling that delivers parallaxes at about 4 microarcsec (µas) on targets as faint as V = 20, and differential accuracy of 0.6 µas on bright(More)