Kenneth I. Howard

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Treatment-focused research is concerned with the establishment of the comparative efficacy and effectiveness of clinical interventions, aggregated over groups of patients. The authors introduce and illustrate a new paradigm-patient-focused research-that is concerned with the monitoring of an individual's progress over the course of treatment and the(More)
How many and which individuals, with which psychiatric disorders, receive (and do not receive) mental health services from which professionals in what settings? This question falls within the purview of mental health services research, which is a multidisciplinary field that brings together the methodologies of epidemiology, econometrics, and clinical(More)
A 3-phase model of psychotherapy outcome is proposed that entails progressive improvement of subjectively experienced well-being, reduction in symptomatology, and enhancement of life functioning. The model also predicts that movement into a later phase of treatment depends on whether progress has been made in an earlier phase. Thus, clinical improvement in(More)
Using the psychotherapy dosage model in which effect was probability of recovery, this study compared treatment response rates for psychological symptoms. Symptom checklists were administered to 854 psychotherapy outpatients at intake and during treatment. Sixty-two symptoms were grouped into 3 classes on the basis of probit analysis results. Chronic(More)
A fair test of the Dodo bird conjecture that different psychotherapies are equally effective would entail separate comparisons of every pair of therapies. A meta-analysis of overall effect size for any particular set of such pairs is only relevant to the Dodo bird conjecture when the mean absolute value of differences is 0. The limitations of the underlying(More)
The focus of this investigation was to 1) identify those adolescents experiencing distress; 2) examine the formal and informal helping agents that adolescents seek out for help for emotional problems; and 3) describe adolescents' perceptions of the helpfulness of selected helping agents. Adolescents (N = 497) from three high schools in a large metropolitan(More)
In a questionnaire study of 883 high school students, subjects were asked the extent to which their parents criticized them for 18 criticizable behaviors or attitudes. Over 50% of the respondents reported being criticized for being disobedient, lazy, and messy-issues central to family life. Further analyses indicated a relationship between perceived(More)
The recent discussion of evidence-based, adaptive treatment planning highlights the need for models for the prediction of courses of treatment response. We combine a dose-response model with growth curve modeling to determine dose-response relations for well-being, symptoms, and functioning. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to model each patient's(More)