Kenneth I Ataga

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Thalassaemia and sickle cell disease (SCD) represent the most common forms of hereditary haemolytic anaemia and result from a partial or complete lack of synthesis of one of the major alpha- or beta-globin chains of haemoglobin A or from a single amino acid mutation (beta(6Glu-->Val)) of the beta-globin chain respectively. Although they have different(More)
CONTEXT Hydroxyurea increases levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and decreases morbidity from vaso-occlusive complications in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). High HbF levels reduce morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE To determine whether hydroxyurea attenuates mortality in patients with SCA. DESIGN Long-term observational follow-up study of(More)
There is evidence of activation of both blood coagulation and platelets in sickle cell disease. For example, plasma samples obtained in the steady state and during painful crisis demonstrate high levels of thrombin generation, depletion of anticoagulant proteins, and abnormal activation of the fibrinolytic system. Similarly, exposure of surface markers such(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of hypercoagulability to the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) remains poorly defined. We sought to evaluate the association of markers of coagulation and platelet activation with specific clinical complications and laboratory variables in patients with SCD. DESIGN AND METHODS Plasma markers of coagulation activation(More)
The vasoocclusive crisis is the major clinical feature of sickle cell anemia, which is believed to be initiated or sustained by sickle (SS) red blood cell (RBC) adhesion to the vascular wall. SS RBCs, but not unaffected (AA) RBCs, adhere avidly to multiple components of the vascular wall, including laminin. Here we report a novel role for epinephrine and(More)
BACKGROUND The up-regulation of P-selectin in endothelial cells and platelets contributes to the cell-cell interactions that are involved in the pathogenesis of vaso-occlusion and sickle cell-related pain crises. The safety and efficacy of crizanlizumab, an antibody against the adhesion molecule P-selectin, were evaluated in patients with sickle cell(More)
We recently reported that CD47 (integrin-associated protein) on sickle red blood cells (SS RBCs) activates G-protein-dependent signaling, which promotes cell adhesion to immobilized thrombospondin (TSP) under relevant shear stress. These data suggested that signal transduction in SS RBCs may contribute to the vaso-occlusive pathology observed in sickle cell(More)
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) exhibit high plasma levels of markers of thrombin generation, depletion of natural anticoagulant proteins, abnormal activation of the fibrinolytic system, and increased tissue factor expression, even in the non-crisis steady state. In addition, platelets and other cellular elements are chronically activated in the(More)
OBJECTIVE After activation, platelets expose CD40 ligand (CD40L) on their surface, then subsequently release the inflammatory mediator as a soluble fragment (sCD40L). Because sickle cell anemia (SCA) is noted for both platelet activation and chronic inflammation, we asked whether platelet-released CD40L potentially plays a role in SCA. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
2,2-Dimethylbutyrate (HQK-1001), an orally-bioavailable promoter-targeted fetal globin gene-inducing agent, was evaluated in an open-label, randomized dose-escalation study in 52 subjects with hemoglobin SS or S/β(0) thalassemia. HQK-1001 was administered daily for 26 weeks at 30 mg/kg (n = 15), 40 mg/kg (n = 18) and 50 mg/kg (n = 19), either alone (n = 21)(More)