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Twin birth rates have increased markedly in developed countries since the 1970s for two primary reasons: increasing maternal age and the advent and increasing use of fertility treatments. In addition, monozygotic (MZ) twin pregnancies have been reported to occur at a significantly higher rate following assisted reproductive technologies (ART) procedures(More)
Recent evidence demonstrates a role for paternal aging on offspring disease susceptibility. It is well established that various neuropsychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, autism, etc.), trinucleotide expansion associated diseases (myotonic dystrophy, Huntington's, etc.) and even some forms of cancer have increased incidence in the offspring of older(More)
The study of sperm epigenetics is challenging and limited largely to sperm population estimates rather than individual spermatozoa. While this type of approach is likely sufficient for most somatic cell lines, it is problematic in a tissue where a single cell is disproportionality influential. Furthermore, we know very little about the epigenetic(More)
Telomere length (TL) dynamics in vivo are defined by TL and its age-dependent change, brought about by cell replication. Leukocyte TL (LTL), which reflects TL in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), becomes shorter with age. In contrast, sperm TL, which reflects TL in the male germ cells, becomes longer with age. Moreover, offspring of older fathers display(More)
Male infertility is a common and complex pathology affecting about 7% of men of reproductive age. Given its complexity, the underlying etiology for male infertility is often unknown. A growing amount of evidence suggests genomic instability may be an important factor in some cases of male factor infertility. While some specific manifestations of genomic(More)
The putative effect of nicotine on maturation and the chromosomal complement of bovine oocytes were investigated in the present study. Cumulus-enclosed oocytes were incubated in maturation medium with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 mmol concentrations of nicotine. The results indicated that: (1) nicotine affected cumulus cell expansion in a dose-dependent(More)
STUDY QUESTION Is there an association between sperm DNA damage, measured by three different assays, sperm nuclear protein content and clinical outcomes in assisted reproduction treatment (ART)? SUMMARY ANSWER Sperm DNA damage measured by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) and the Comet assay were significantly(More)
Male infertility affects a large proportion of the population. In spite of the magnitude of the problem and the considerable research effort that has been made to understand its causes, a large proportion of male infertility cases remain idiopathic in nature. This pilot genome-wide association study employed genotyping microarray technology to interrogate(More)
Understanding the genetic basis of idiopathic male infertility has long been the focus of many researchers. Numerous recent studies have attempted to identify relevant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) through medical re-sequencing studies in which candidate genes are sequenced in large numbers of cases and controls in the search for risk or causative(More)