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The importance of learning for sibling odor preference in juvenile Arctic char was analyzed in the present study. Fish were reared in the following eight conditions: (1) communally with siblings for 15 months; (2) communally with siblings for 17 months; (3) in isolation since fertilization; (4) in isolation since fertilization and exposed to sibling scent(More)
In this study we tested the hypothesis that the presence of chemical stimuli from a hungry predator would initiate anti-predator responses, while stimuli from a satiated predator would not. We used chemical stimuli released from starved perch (Perca fluviatilis) and from satiated perch (predator). As prey we used adult Acilius sulcatus (Coleoptera:(More)
CA 125 is found in body fluids in a variety of molecular weight forms. The largest species are found in normal abdominal fluid and cervical mucus. The present study therefore incorporated CA 125 derived from these sources as well as ascites fluid to investigate if the source of CA 125 influenced epitope characterization. Ascites-derived CA 125 varied in(More)
We compared the ability of urine and ovarian fluid from female Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) to stimulate increase in plasma concentrations of sex steroid hormones in mature conspecific male parr (priming effect of the stimuli). We also tested the hypothesis that prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) may act as a priming pheromone in the tested stimulants. Individual(More)
The experiment was performed in two phases. During the first phase (phase 1) the dominance hierarchy was determined in 4 groups of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.), each group consisting of 4 fish. Phase 2 was started by rearranging phase 1 fish into 4 new groups. Group 1 consisted of previously dominant fish and groups 2, 3 and 4 of fish that(More)
The preference of juvenile Arctic char [Salvelinus alpinus (L.)] for odors from siblings and nonsiblings with different major histocompability complex class II (MHC) genotypes was studied in two-choice fluviarium tests. In the first part of the study, test fish demonstrated no preference for water scented by a sibling with a MHC genotype different from its(More)
In mammalian and avian vertebrate groups, androgens act as controlling agents on male aggression and courtship behaviour by their conversion to oestrogens by cytochrome P450 aromatase in well-defined brain regions. Despite the fact that bony fishes have exceptionally high brain aromatase activity, little is known about it's possible regulatory effects on(More)
A wide range of animals have been reported to show kin-biased behaviours, such as reduced aggressiveness and increased food sharing among relatives. However, less is known about whether wild animals also associate with relatives under natural conditions, which is a prerequisite to facilitate kin-biased behaviours and hence kin selection. We tested, by means(More)
Behaviour studies are used in toxicology research as they are excellent tools to measure physiological end-points caused by exogenous chemicals. In mammals both reproductive and non-reproductive behaviours have been used for a long period of time, whereas in teleost fishes non-reproductive behaviours have received little attention compared to reproductive(More)
In a randomized study, thirty patients submitted to transarthroscopic meniscectomy were allocated to general or epidural anaesthesia with or without epidural morphine. Threshold concentration of collagen for platelet aggregation did not differ between the groups, but showed a similar pattern of increase, which was significant in the general anaesthesia(More)