Kenneth H Johnston

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A rapid, sensitive method has been developed to detect antibody-antigen complexes on "Western blots." The methods of H. Towbin, T. Staehlin, and J. Gordon were used to separate and blot the antigens onto nitrocellulose. The remaining sites of attachment were blocked and the nitrocellulose was washed with polyoxyethylenesorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20). The(More)
In studies primarily confined to the amino-terminal region of the fibrillar group A streptococcal M protein, only limited immunological crossreactions have been observed among M serotypes. In this investigation, two monoclonal antibodies generated against nearly the entire M6 molecule (LysM6) were used to determine the extent of crossreactions among M(More)
Streptokinases secreted by nonhuman isolates of group C streptococci (Streptococcus equi, S. equisimilis, and S. zooepidemicus) have been shown to bind to different mammalian plasminogens but exhibit preferential plasminogen activity. The streptokinase genes from S. equisimilis strains which activated either equine or porcine plasminogen were cloned,(More)
The proteins of the outer membrane of Neisseria gonorrhoeae play an important role in the serotyping system defined by K. H. Johnston et al. (J. Exp. Med. 143:741-758, 1976). This study attempted to delineate the molecular arrangement of the major proteins of the outer membrane of the gonococcus by using three approaches. First, natural protein-protein(More)
The cell envelope of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain 2686, colonial type 4, was isolated from spheroplasts formed by the action of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and lysozyme. Isopycnic centrifugation of osmotically ruptured spheroplasts resolved the cell envelope into two main membrane fractions. Chemical and enzymatic analyses were used to characterize(More)
Streptokinases are proteins with plasminogen activator activity produced by certain hemolytic streptococci. We previously identified equine streptococcal isolates which produced streptokinases (ESKs) that bound both human and equine plasminogen but only readily activated equine plasminogen (14). This property was exploited to purify a representative ESK(More)
The beta domain of streptokinase is required for plasminogen activation and contains a region of sequence diversity associated with infection and disease in group A streptococci. We report that mutagenesis of this polymorphic region does not alter plasminogen activation, which suggests an alternative function for this molecular motif in streptococcal(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae has been subdivided into several classes of serological distinct groups. The serotyping system is based upon the antigenic specificity of a protein serotype antigen. This protein is the major polypeptide of the outer membrane of the gonococcus and accounts for over 60% of that membrane's total protein. The serotype antigen complex was(More)
A direct solid phase chromogenic assay has been developed for the detection of plasmin (EC, generated by the interaction of a nitrocellulose-bound plasminogen activator, using the plasmin specific tripeptide substrate, H-D-valyl-leucyl-lysine - p-nitroaniline. para-Nitroaniline released by the cleavage of the lysine - p-nitroaniline bound by(More)
We report the isolation and purification of the nephritis strain-associated protein (NSAP) first described by Villareal et al. (8). Amino acid analysis, and determination of the first 21 amino-terminal amino acids indicated that this 46 kD protein is a streptokinase. Biochemical analysis confirmed that NSAP could act as a plasminogen activator;(More)