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RhoA GTPase mediates a variety of cellular responses, including activation of the contractile apparatus, growth, and gene expression. Acute hypoxia activates RhoA and, in turn, its downstream effector, Rho-kinase, and previous studies in rats have suggested a role for Rho/Rho-kinase signaling in both acute and chronically hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are insulin-sensitizing agents that also decrease systemic blood pressure, attenuate the formation of atherosclerotic lesions, and block remodeling of injured arterial walls. Recently, TZDs were shown to prevent pulmonary arterial (PA) remodeling in rats treated with monocrotaline. Presently we report studies testing the ability of(More)
To characterize the hemodynamic factors that regulate stroke volume during upright exercise in normal man, 24 asymptomatic male volunteers were evaluated by simultaneous right heart catheterization, radionuclide angiography, and expired gas analysis during staged upright bicycle exercise to exhaustion. From rest to peak exercise, oxygen consumption(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of nitric oxide (NO) in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension has been demonstrated using nitric oxide synthase (NOS) knockout mice. In that model NO from endothelial NOS (eNOS) plays a central role in modulating pulmonary vascular tone and attenuating hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. However, the normal regulation of NOS expression in(More)
The fawn-hooded rat (FHR) develops severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) when raised for the first 3-4 wk of life in the mild hypoxia of Denver's altitude (5,280 ft.). The PH is associated with sustained pulmonary vasoconstriction and pulmonary artery remodeling. Furthermore, lung alveolarization and vascularization are reduced in the Denver FHR. We have(More)
The change in left ventricular radionuclide ejection fraction after acute occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) or circumflex (LC) coronary artery was compared with the ultimate histologic extent of myocardial infarction in conscious dogs. The acute change in ejection fraction correlated with size of infarction in 14 dogs with occlusions of the(More)
The effects of the synthetic 28-amino-acid alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on the proximal coronary arteries and coronary blood flow were evaluated in 17 patients. Proximal coronary dimension was quantitated by digital angiography, and coronary flow was quantitated with 3F Doppler flow catheters. ANP, when given as a 2.5-micrograms/kg bolus in(More)
Prolonged hypoxia leads to the development of pulmonary hypertension. Recent reports have suggested enhancement of heme oxygenase (HO), the major source of intracellular carbon monoxide (CO), prevents hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling in rats. Therefore, we hypothesized that inhibition of HO activity by tin protoporphyrin (SnPP)(More)
We assessed the clinical outcome of pregnancies with non-Rh-D antibody in Northern Ireland using retrospective case note review. During the study period (April 1999- March 2000) 186 women with clinically significant antibodies were identified from the records of the antenatal laboratory of the Northern Ireland Blood Transfusion Service. Eighty-five women(More)
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