Kenneth G. Morris

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Vascular remodeling, rather than vasoconstriction, is believed to account for high vascular resistance in severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We have found previously that acute Rho kinase inhibition nearly normalizes PAH in chronically hypoxic rats that have no occlusive neointimal lesions. Here we examined whether Rho kinase-mediated(More)
Very fast-growing (VFG) broiler chickens tend to have marked right ventricular hypertrophy when compared with slower growing chickens. We hypothesized that, in the setting of rapid growth, a hypoxic stimulus would cause greater pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). We have studied the relationship between artial oxygenation (SaO2),(More)
Acute hypoxic vasoconstriction and development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) are unique properties of the pulmonary circulation. The pulmonary endothelium produces vasoactive factors, including nitric oxide (NO), that modify these phenomena. We tested the hypothesis that NO produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) modulates pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND Data from a pilot study suggested that noetic therapies-healing practices that are not mediated by tangible elements-can reduce preprocedural distress and might affect outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. We undertook a multicentre, prospective trial of two such practices: intercessory prayer and music, imagery, and(More)
Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) mediates vasopressin-regulated collecting duct water permeability. Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by abnormal renal water retention. We hypothetized that upregulation of aquaporin-2 water channel could account for the water retention in CHF. Male rats underwent either a left coronary artery ligation, a model of CHF, or were(More)
RhoA GTPase mediates a variety of cellular responses, including activation of the contractile apparatus, growth, and gene expression. Acute hypoxia activates RhoA and, in turn, its downstream effector, Rho-kinase, and previous studies in rats have suggested a role for Rho/Rho-kinase signaling in both acute and chronically hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.(More)
There is controversy on the role of endothelin (ET)-1 in the mechanism of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Although HPV is inhibited by ET-1 subtype A (ET(A))-receptor antagonists in animals, it has been reported that ET(A)-receptor blockade does not affect HPV in isolated lungs. Thus we reassessed the role of ET-1 in HPV in both rats and isolated(More)
Arterial vasodilation is considered to be the key factor in the development of sodium and water retention leading to ascites formation in cirrhosis. To determine if nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the pathogenesis of arterial vasodilation in cirrhosis, we measured the concentration of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the second messenger of NO, in(More)
While it is known that nitric oxide (NO) is an important modulator of tone in the hypertensive pulmonary circulation, the roles of cyclic 3'-5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and cGMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE) are uncertain. We found that isolated lung perfusate levels of cGMP were over ninefold elevated in hypertensive vs. normotensive control rats. 98-100%(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of nitric oxide (NO) in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension has been demonstrated using nitric oxide synthase (NOS) knockout mice. In that model NO from endothelial NOS (eNOS) plays a central role in modulating pulmonary vascular tone and attenuating hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. However, the normal regulation of NOS expression in(More)