Kenneth G. Furton

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Human remains detection canines are used in locating deceased humans in diverse scenarios and environments based on odor produced during the decay process of the human body. It has been established that human remains detection canines are capable of locating human remains specifically, as opposed to living humans or animal remains, thus suggesting a(More)
This paper describes the use of headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) combined with gas chromatography to identify the signature odors that law enforcement-certified detector dogs alert to when searching for drugs, explosives, and humans. Background information is provided on the many types of detector dog available and specific samples highlighted(More)
We evaluated the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in human odor by using headspace solid phase microextraction gas chromatography–mass spectrometry for the extraction, separation, and analysis of the collected samples. Volatile organic compounds present in the headspace above axillary sweat samples collected from different individuals showed the(More)
Despite the recent surge in the publication of novel instrumental sensors for explosives detection, canines are still widely regarded as one of the most effective real-time field method of explosives detection. In the work presented, headspace analysis is performed by solid phase microextraction (SPME)/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and gas(More)
The composition of human scent collected from the hands is of interest to the medical community as a mechanism to diagnose disease and the forensic community as a means to investigate canine scent discriminations. An extensive survey of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) identified in the headspace of hand odor samples utilizing solid phase(More)
The focus of this study is to compare contact and noncontact human scent collection procedures across an array of textiles (cotton, rayon, polyester, and wool) to determine an optimized collection method for human scent evidence. Six subjects were sampled in triplicate for each textile and collection mode, and the samples were then analyzed through(More)
Previous work has demonstrated the ability to differentiate individuals based on the analysis of human scent hand odor chemicals. In this paper, a range of forensic biological specimens are shown to also have the ability to differentiate individuals based upon the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present. Human VOC profiles from hand odor, oral fluid,(More)
Human scent evidence can be of critical use in many cases where other types of evidence such as DNA, fingerprints, or fibers are not available. The use of canines within the area of law enforcement scent detection and forensic science often involves locating general human scent but is increasingly related to their ability to correctly match a human scent(More)
This article reviews the use of dogs as chemical detectors, and the scientific foundation and available information on the reliability of explosive detector dogs, including a comparison with analytical instrumental techniques. Compositions of common military and industrial explosives are described, including relative vapor pressures of common explosives and(More)
Human remains detection (HRD) canines are trained to locate human remains in a variety of locations and situations which include minimal quantities of remains that may be buried, submerged or extremely old. The aptitude of HRD canines is affected by factors such as training, familiarity with the scent source and environmental conditions. Access to(More)