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Exposures to carcinogens present in the diet, in cigarette smoke, or in the environment have been associated with increased risk of bladder and colorectal cancer. The aromatic amines and their metabolites, a class of carcinogen implicated in these exposures, can be N- or O-acetylated by the NAT1 and NAT2 enzymes. Acetylation may result in activation to(More)
INTRODUCTION We investigated placental transfer and neurobehavioural effects in neonates exposed to citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine or sertraline (SSRI's), or to venlafaxine (an SNRI). METHODS Women receiving antidepressants during pregnancy and their neonates were studied. Cord and maternal drug concentrations were measured(More)
OBJECTIVE This study characterized infant drug doses and breast-milk-to-plasma area-under-the-curve ratios for olanzapine and determined plasma concentrations and effects of this drug on breast-feeding infants. METHOD Seven mother-infant nursing pairs were studied. Olanzapine was measured in plasma and milk with high-performance liquid chromatography over(More)
Recent studies have suggested that morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) may antagonize the analgesic effects of morphine and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G). To investigate this hypothesis, steady-state concentrations of morphine, M6G and M3G in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were measured in 11 patients receiving chronic morphine therapy (9 orally and 2(More)
Bidirectional transport of four novel antimalarial compounds was determined using Caco-2 cell monolayers. P glycoprotein-mediated efflux was greatest for pyronaridine (5 to 20 microM) and low for naphthoquine (5 microM). With 20 microM naphthoquine, net efflux was blocked, suggesting saturation of the transporter. Piperaquine and dihydroartemisinin were not(More)
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