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AIMS To obtain comprehensive pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data for artesunate (ARTS) and its active metabolite dihydroartemisinin (DHA) following i.v. and oral administration of ARTS to patients with acute, uncomplicated falciparum malaria. METHODS Twenty-six Vietnamese patients with falciparum malaria were randomized to receive either i.v. ARTS(More)
A novel solid-phase extraction and a robust high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) separation procedure for artesunate and alpha- and beta-dihydroartemisinin, using post-column alkali decomposition and UV detection is described. Extraction was performed with Bond-Elut Phenyl solid-phase extraction cartridges and analysis by HPLC was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria control is difficult where there is intense year-round transmission of multiple plasmodium species, such as in Papua New Guinea. METHODS Between April 2005 and July 2007, we conducted an open-label, randomized, parallel-group study of conventional chloroquine-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and artesunate-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine,(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the metabolic pathways for dihydroartemisinin (DHA), the active metabolite of the artemisinin derivative artesunate (ARTS). Urine was collected from 17 Vietnamese adults with falciparum malaria who had received 120 mg of ARTS i.v., and metabolites were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass(More)
The food-borne mutagen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) induces tumors in colon of male rats and has been implicated in the etiology of human cancers, particularly colorectal cancer. This study was conducted to examine: (1) the biliary and/or circulatory transport of N-hydroxy-PhIP and its N-glucuronides, N-sulfonyloxy-PhIP and(More)
AIMS To measure the interdose milk to plasma ratio (M/P) of R- and S-methadone during multiple dosing in lactating mothers taking medium to high doses of methadone (> 40 mg daily), and to assess likely infant exposure. METHODS Eight mother/child pairs were studied, initially during their postpartum hospital stay (immature milk), and where possible again(More)
Human monomorphic and polymorphic arylamine acetyltransferases (EC were expressed in monkey kidney COS-1 cells and used to study the N- and O-acetylation of a number of carcinogenic amines and their N-hydroxy metabolites. The monomorphic enzyme N-acetylated the aromatic amines, 2-aminofluorene and 4-aminobiphenyl, and also O-acetylated their(More)
Newer antipsychotic drugs offer significant clinical advantages for the treatment of psychosis. In particular for the treatment of postpartum disorders newer agents may be suited due to their favourable side-effect profiles. Of concern is the passage of the drugs into breast milk and what potential risks this poses for an infant who is breastfed. The(More)
INTRODUCTION We investigated placental transfer and neurobehavioural effects in neonates exposed to citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine or sertraline (SSRI's), or to venlafaxine (an SNRI). METHODS Women receiving antidepressants during pregnancy and their neonates were studied. Cord and maternal drug concentrations were measured(More)
AIMS To characterize milk/plasma (M/P) ratio and infant dose, for venlafaxine (V) and its O-desmethyl metabolite (ODV), in breastfeeding women taking venlafaxine for the treatment of depression, and to determine the plasma concentration and effects of these drugs in their infants. METHODS Six women (mean age 34.5 years, mean weight 84.3 kg) taking(More)