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The food-borne mutagen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) induces tumors in colon of male rats and has been implicated in the etiology of human cancers, particularly colorectal cancer. This study was conducted to examine: (1) the biliary and/or circulatory transport of N-hydroxy-PhIP and its N-glucuronides, N-sulfonyloxy-PhIP and(More)
AIMS To measure the interdose milk to plasma ratio (M/P) of R- and S-methadone during multiple dosing in lactating mothers taking medium to high doses of methadone (> 40 mg daily), and to assess likely infant exposure. METHODS Eight mother/child pairs were studied, initially during their postpartum hospital stay (immature milk), and where possible again(More)
1. The excretion of a 6 mg subcutaneous dose of sumatriptan in breast milk was studied in five lactating volunteer subjects with a mean age of 27.6 years and a mean body weight of 75 kg. Drug concentrations in milk and plasma over the ensuing 8 h were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. 2. The mean milk:plasma ratio estimated from the areas(More)
Exposures to carcinogens present in the diet, in cigarette smoke, or in the environment have been associated with increased risk of bladder and colorectal cancer. The aromatic amines and their metabolites, a class of carcinogen implicated in these exposures, can be N- or O-acetylated by the NAT1 and NAT2 enzymes. Acetylation may result in activation to(More)
AIMS To characterize milk/plasma (M/P) ratio and infant dose, for venlafaxine (V) and its O-desmethyl metabolite (ODV), in breastfeeding women taking venlafaxine for the treatment of depression, and to determine the plasma concentration and effects of these drugs in their infants. METHODS Six women (mean age 34.5 years, mean weight 84.3 kg) taking(More)
INTRODUCTION We investigated placental transfer and neurobehavioural effects in neonates exposed to citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine or sertraline (SSRI's), or to venlafaxine (an SNRI). METHODS Women receiving antidepressants during pregnancy and their neonates were studied. Cord and maternal drug concentrations were measured(More)
Newer antipsychotic drugs offer significant clinical advantages for the treatment of psychosis. In particular for the treatment of postpartum disorders newer agents may be suited due to their favourable side-effect profiles. Of concern is the passage of the drugs into breast milk and what potential risks this poses for an infant who is breastfed. The(More)
  • T Hale, J Kristensen, L Hackett, R Kohan, K Ilett
  • 2002
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to characterize the milk-to-plasma ratio and infant dose for metformin in breastfeeding women, and to measure plasma concentrations and assess any effects in their infants. We hypothesized that metformin used by mothers is safe for their breastfed infants. METHODS Seven women taking metformin (median dose 1500 mg(More)
The disposition of chloroquine (CQ) and the related 4-aminoquinoline, piperaquine (PQ), were compared in Papua New Guinean children with uncomplicated malaria. Twenty-two children were randomized to 3 days of PQ phosphate at 20 mg/kg/day (12 mg of PQ base/kg/day) coformulated with dihydroartemisinin (DHA-PQ), and twenty children were randomized to 3 days of(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the metabolic pathways for dihydroartemisinin (DHA), the active metabolite of the artemisinin derivative artesunate (ARTS). Urine was collected from 17 Vietnamese adults with falciparum malaria who had received 120 mg of ARTS i.v., and metabolites were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass(More)