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Samples collected from rural and urban streams in the City of Denton, Texas, USA were analyzed for the organophosphorus pesticide diazinon during the years preceding and following a United States Environmental Protection Agency ban on many diazinon uses. A network of 70 monitoring stations, based mainly on topography and hydrological considerations, were(More)
The acute toxicity of diazinon in combination with atrazine concentrations of 5, 10, 20, and 40 microg/L was evaluated using Ceriodaphnia dubia. Atrazine concentrations as low as 5 microg/L in combination with diazinon significantly increased toxicity to C. dubia compared to diazinon alone. Atrazine and diazinon residues within water samples collected from(More)
Water, sponge and coral samples were collected from stations impacted by a variety of pollution sources and screened for human enteric viruses as conservative markers for human sewage. While human enteroviruses and adenoviruses were not detected, noroviruses (NoV; human genogroups I and II) were detected in 31% of samples (especially in sponge tissue).(More)
Increasing evidence indicates widespread occurrence of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in municipal effluent discharges and surface waters. Studies that characterize the fate and effects of PPCPs in aquatic systems are limited, and to our knowledge, data regarding pharmaceutical accumulation in fish of effluent-dominated ecosystems have(More)
BACKGROUND Coral reefs are facing increasing pressure from natural and anthropogenic stressors that have already caused significant worldwide declines. In January 2010, coral reefs of Florida, United States, were impacted by an extreme cold-water anomaly that exposed corals to temperatures well below their reported thresholds (16°C), causing rapid coral(More)
ii Notice The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through its Office of Research and Development funded portions of the research described here. Mention of trade names and commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. All research projects making conclusions and recommendations based on environmentally related measurements(More)
Diazinon and copper are two contaminants that are widely found in urban streams and in municipal wastewater effluents. Because these contaminants may be found concurrently, the potential for their joint toxicity is of interest, particularly with regard to toxicity testing of wastewater effluents and the ecological implications of simultaneous exposures in(More)
Samples collected from rural and urban streams in the City of Denton, Texas, USA were analyzed for the organophosphorus pesticides diazinon and chlorpyrifos during the years preceding and following a United States Environmental Protection Agency ban on many chlorpyrifos uses. A network of 70 monitoring stations, based mainly on topography and hydrological(More)
High-latitude reef communities consisting of typical Caribbean fauna of variable composition and density exist on four parallel ridges at varying depths along the Broward County (Florida, USA) coast. Two of these ridges, at 7–13 and 15–30 m in depth, are drowned early Holocene coral reefs of 5 and 7 ky uncorrected radiocarbon age. In this study, community(More)
The performance of commercially available microtiter plate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) kits specific for the determination of triazines (atrazine), chlorpyrifos, and diazinon was evaluated for sensitivity, intra-assay repeatability, and accuracy using samples of known concentration in aqueous solution. Mean percent recovery values were not(More)