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PURPOSE Surgical simulation modules for "open" surgery are limited and not well studied or validated. Available simulation modules use either synthetic material, which is convenient but may not mimic what is observed or felt in the operating room, or live animal laboratories, which can simulate human tissue but are costly and not readily available. An(More)
About 20 per cent of patients with carcinoma of the colon or rectum present with metastatic disease. Surgeons are frequently asked to consider resection or other operative procedures in these patients for palliation. We performed this review to determine whether patients presenting with known metastatic colorectal cancer derive benefit from surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic differences associated with individual's immune responses appear to be a major contributing factor to the development of trauma- induced sepsis. Thus, effective treatment of sepsis requires the identification of the patients who are at increased risk for sepsis. METHODS Sixty-eight patients, of which the majority had an injury severity(More)
BACKGROUND About one-third of patients undergoing a Roux-en-Y anastomosis develop Roux stasis syndrome, likely because of disordered electrical conduction. GI electrical stimulation has been previously used successfully in the management of postsurgical gastroparesis. OBJECTIVE Endoscopic placement of temporary electrodes and GI electrical stimulation in(More)
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