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In this article a number of issues involving the concept of quality of life as applied to persons with intellectual disabilities are summarized, and a number of agreed-upon principles regarding its conceptualization, measurement, and application are presented. We realize that the concepts and models presented in this article will vary potentially from(More)
The emerging need to view improved quality of life as an outcome measure from human service programs was described, and a Quality of Life Index was proposed that can be used as either an outcome measure or the criterion for the goodness-of-fit between persons and their environments. Data were presented from 685 adult clients within Nebraska's Community(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-determination and quality of life (QOL) of persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) living in four countries (Canada, United States, Belgium and France). METHOD Participants were 182 adults with mild ID living in community settings (with families, living independently or in(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of the valid assessment of quality of life (QOL) is heightened with the increased use of the QOL construct as a basis for policies and practices in the field of intellectual disability (ID). METHOD This article discusses the principles that should guide the measurement process, the major interrogatories (i.e. who, what, when,(More)
Quality of life of 76 school-age children with identified disabilities receiving special education services in public schools was compared to quality of life of 64 students without disabilities enrolled in Grades K-12. The Quality of Student Life Questionnaire (QSLQ) was used. Results indicated that the scores of students with disabilities were lower on all(More)
BACKGROUND To date researchers have given little attention to the use of quality of life (QOL) data for organization and systems-level change. This article presents two state-level examples of how QOL data are currently used in the USA. METHOD Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) were assessed on an ongoing basis using two multidimensional QOL(More)
A three-year study was made of the effectiveness of a behavior-based program of oral hygiene for schoolchildresn. The primary focus of the program was a daily "brush-in," managed by teachers and parent volunteers. Emphasis was placed on plaque removal in lieu of conceptual-informational content, and the role of consultants was to maintain the behavior of(More)