Kenneth D. Cain

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Numerous studies demonstrated that rbST increased growth rates in several fish species, and several species exhibit GH production in tissues other than the pituitary. The role of tissue GH and IGF-I in regulating fish growth is poorly understood. Therefore an experiment was conducted to examine the effects of rbST treatment on tissue GH, IGF-I, and IGF-I(More)
Specific antibody responses to Flavobacterium columnare (isolate ATCC 23463T) were characterized in plasma and mucus of tilapia following intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection or immersion immunization with formalin-killed sonicated or whole cell preparations. Fish (30 per treatment) received a primary immunization and were booster immunized 4 weeks later. An(More)
Vaccine development for coldwater disease (CWD), also known as rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS), has been based primarily on whole-cell bacterins or outer membrane fractions of Flavobacterium psychrophilum. In the present study, immunogenic regions of the bacterium corresponding to 18-28, 41-49, and 70-100 kDa were identified by western blot analysis using(More)
This study describes the development of a TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) technique using the heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp 70) and 18S ribosomal DNA (18S rDNA) sequences to identify Myxobolus cerebralis and attempt to quantify infection severity within rainbow trout fry Oncorhynchus mykiss. Rainbow trout for this study were(More)
Recombinant bovine growth hormone (rbGH) increases growth rates in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, and this response is thought to be under the control of the GH–IGF axis, as it is in mammals. However, the mechanisms regulating fish muscle growth are poorly understood. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to examine the effects of rbGH on(More)
Enhancement of the immune response through affinity maturation of the antibody response is a feature of the mammalian immune system and has important implications with respect to development of vaccination strategies. However, an absence of germinal centres and apparent lack of somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin V genes suggests that this phenomenon(More)
Serum and mucosal antibody responses of juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, were characterized by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) following immunization with various preparations of formalin-killed Flavobacterium psychrophilum cells. The protective nature of these preparations was then determined by immunizing rainbow trout fry and(More)
Myostatin (MSTN) negatively regulates muscle growth in vertebrates. Salmonids produce two myostatin transcripts from separate genes. Surprisingly, quantitative analyses indicate different regulatory mechanisms for the two myostatin genes in rainbow trout. MSTN1 mRNA levels were elevated 26% following recombinant bovine growth hormone (rbGH) treatment, while(More)
In this study, 318 bacterial strains were isolated from the gastrointestinal (GI) tracts of 29 rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). These bacteria were screened in vitro for their ability to inhibit growth of Flavobacterium psychrophilum, the causative agent of coldwater disease. Bacteria observed to inhibit F. psychrophilum growth were further(More)
Mucosal and systemic antibody production in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), was evaluated following different antigen delivery routes. A BIAcore instrument (Pharmacia) allowed direct detection of antibody-antigen interactions by surface plasmon resonance changes. These interactions were measured in real-time without secondary reagents or(More)